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Table 2 Socio-demographic correlates of HIV status and life time violence among women VCT users in South Wollo, June 2009, (n=647)

From: The relationship between sexual violence and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among women using voluntary counseling and testing services in South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia

Character Sample HIV preva. Crude OR (95% COR) Violence prevalence Crude OR (95% COR)
  Age group      
15-24 yrs 284 (10.2) 1.00 (32.7) 1.00
25-34 yrs 244 (30.7) 3.90 (2.43–6.24) (40.6) 1.40 (0.98–2.00)
35+ yrs 119 (29.4) 3.66 (2.11–6.35) (36.1) 1.16 (0.74–1.82)
  Marital status      
Never married 110 (11.8) 1.00 (35.5) 1.00
Married /cohab. 341 (17.6) 1.59 (0.83–3.02) (28.7) 0.73 (0.46–1.15)
Widow/divorce 196 (33.7) 3.70 (1.97–7.25) (50.0) 1.82 (1.12–2.94)
  Educational status      
Illiterate 228 (22.8) 1.25 (0.73–2.19) (43.0) 2.13 (1.37–3.31)
Elementary 262 (21.8) 1.18 (0.70–1.99) (36.6) 1.63 (1.05–2.53)
Sec. & above 157 (19.1) 1.00 (26.1) 1.00
  Religion      
Christian 240 (22.5) 1.04 (0.69–1.55) (33.3) 1.00
Muslim 407 (21.5) 1.00 (38.1) 1.23 (0.88–1.71)
  Ethnicity      
Amhara 611 (21.1) 1.00 (36.0) 1.00
Non-Amphara 36 (27.8) 1.43 (0.67–3.05) (41.7) 1.26 (0.64–2.51)
  Occupation      
House wife 275 (22.5) 1.00 (32.4) 1.00
Gov temp. 46 (30.4) 1.50 (0.75–2.99) (37.0) 1.22 (0.64–2.34)
Student 91 (6.6) 0.24 (0.10–0.58) (23.1) 0.62 (0.36–1.08)
CSW 9 (33.3) 1.71 (0.41–7.06) (77.8) 7.31 (1.48–35.9)
Farmer 111 (15.3) 0.62 (0.34–1.12) (43.2) 1.59 (1.012.50)
Other 115 (32.2) 1.63 (1.002.64) (46.1) 1.78 (1.142.78)
  Resident      
Urban 304 (28.9) 2.33 (1.583.43) (36.5) 0.98 (0.71–1.35)
Rural 343 (14.9) 1.00 (36.2) 1.00
  1. NB. In the above table (Table 2), there is difference comparator category for religion, this is because the prevalence of HIV was lower among Muslim, we use Muslim as a comparator for calculating the odds ratio for HIV. On the other hand since the prevalence of violence was lower among Christian, therefore we use Christian as a comparator to calculate crude odds ratio for violence.
  2. NB.
  3. HIV Human Immune Virus.
  4. CI Confidence Interval.
  5. COR Crude Odds Rati.
  6. OR Odds Ratio.
  7. VCT Voluntary counseling and Testing.
  8. *The bold face is used to show significant statistical association between Socio-demographic correlates of HIV status and life time violence.