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Table 6 Nutritional status in relation to socio-demographic variables for rural children

From: Maternal and child under-nutrition in rural and urban communities of Lagos state, Nigeria: the relationship and risk factors

Parameters Number of children (No = 150) ≤ -2 SD WAZ ≤ -2 SD HAZ ≤ -2 SD WHZ
No (%) P value No (%) P value No (%) P value
Age (months)    0.085   0.693   0.012
  0 – 11 11 4 (36.4)   4 (36.4)   4 (36.4)  
  12 – 23 42 13 (31.0)   22 (52.4)   7 (16.7)  
  24- 35 34 2 (5.9)   17 (50.0)   0 (0.0)  
  36 – 47 28 4 (14.3)   7 (25.0)   1 (3.6)  
  48 – 59 35 5 (14.3)   13 (37.1)   4 (11.4)  
Sex    0.187   0.026   0.238
  Male 66 16 (24.2)   27 (40.9)   8 (12.1)  
  Female 84 12 (14.2)   36 (42.9)   8 (9.5)  
Birth order    0.365   0.241   0.767
  1 38 10 (26.3)   14 (36.8)   7 (18.4)  
  2 45 5 (11.1)   23 (51.1)   3 (6.7)  
  3 33 6 (18.1)   13 (39.4)   3 (9.1)  
  4 19 6 (31.5)   10 (52.6)   1 (5.3)  
  5 – 7 14 1 (7.1)   3 (21.4)   2 (14.2)  
Total number of children    0.070   0.078   0.947
  1 23 9 (39.1)   10 (43.5)   4 (17.4)  
  2 50 6 (12.0)   21 (42.0)   6 (12.0)  
  3 28 3 (10.7)   16 (57.1)   2 (7.1)  
  4 25 4 (16.0)   6 (24.0)   2 (8.0)  
  ≥ 5 23 6 (26.1)   10 (43.5)   2 (8.7)  
Educational level of mother    0.706   0.066   0.741
  No formal education 3 2 (66.7)   2 (66.7)   1 (33.3)  
  Primary 55 11 (20.0)   26 (47.3)   7 (12.7)  
  Secondary 79 14 (17.7)   32 (40.5)   7 (8.9)  
  Postsecondary 13 2 (15.4)   3 (23.1)   1 (7.7)  
Educational level of father    0.378   0.142   0.000
  No formal education 4 2 (50.0)   3 (75.0)   2 (50.0)  
  Primary 13 3 (23.1)   5 (38.5)   2 (15.4)  
  Secondary 99 18 (18.2)   49 (49.5)   9 (9.1)  
  Postsecondary 34 7 (14.6)   6 (17.6)   5 (8.8)  
Social class    0.330   0.005   0.352
  Upper 0 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
  Middle 15 3 (30.0)   1 (6.7)   2 (13.3)  
  Lower 135 25 (18.5)   62 (45.9)   14 (10.4)