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Table 7 Nutritional status in relation to socio-demographic variables for urban children

From: Maternal and child under-nutrition in rural and urban communities of Lagos state, Nigeria: the relationship and risk factors

Parameters Number of children (No = 150) ≤ -2 SD WAZ No (%) P value   ≤ -2 SD HAZ No (%) P value   ≤ -2 SD WHZ No (%) P value  
Age (months)    0.105   0.713   0.815
  0 – 11 50 8 (16.0)   8 (16.0)   5 (10.0)  
  12 – 23 48 6 (12.5)   8 (16.7)   6 (12.5)  
  24- 35 27 0 (0.0)   2 (7.4)   2 (7.4)  
  36 – 47 18 0 (0.0)   1 (5.6)   0 (0.0)  
  48 – 59 7 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
Sex    0.028   0.008   0.810
  Male 76 11 (14.5)   15 (19.7)   7 (9.2)  
  Female 74 3 (4.1)   4 (5.4)   6 (8.1)  
Birth order    0.006   0.653   0.004
  1 79 6 (7.6)   12 (15.2)   7 (8.9)  
  2 34 4 (11.8)   7 (20.6)   2 (5.9)  
  v3 21 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
  4 9 2 (22.2)   0 (0.0)   2 (22.2)  
  ≥ 5 7 2 (28.6)   0 (0.0)   2 (28.6)  
Total number of children    0.109   0.109   0.094
  1 59 8 (13.6)   11 (18.6)   5 (8.5)  
  2 48 2 (4.2)   8 (16.7)   4 (8.3)  
  3 22 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
  4 12 2 (16.7)   0 (0.0)   2 (16.6)  
  ≥ 5 9 2 (22.2)   0 (0.0)   2 (22.2)  
Educational level of mother    0.782   0.402   0.832
  No formal education 1 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)   0 (0.0)  
  Primary 17 2 (11.8)   1 (5.9)   2 (11.8)  
  Secondary 76 10 (13.2)   11 (14.5)   6 (7.9)  
  Postsecondary 56 2 (3.6)   7 (12.5)   5 (8.9)  
Educational level of father    0.910   0.541   0.953
  No formal education 1 0 (0.0)   1 (100.0)   0 (0.0)  
  Primary 7 2 (28.6)   1 (14.3)   2 (28.6)  
  Secondary 69 6 (8.7)   8 (11.6)   5 (7.2)  
  Postsecondary 73 6 (8.2)   9 (12.3)   6 (8.2)  
Social class    0.197   0.519   0.472
  Upper 19 1 (5.2)   1 (5.2)   0 (0.0)  
  Middle 35 1 (18.5)   4 (11.4)   5 (14.3)  
  Lower 96 12 (12.5)   14 (14.6)   8 (8.3)