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Table 1 Clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of consecutively enrolled childhood TB suspects visiting Jimma University Hospital, 2011 (n = 121)

From: Genotype diversity of Mycobacterium isolates from children in Jimma, Ethiopia

Risk factor Category No %
Age (in year) 1–5 52 43
6–10 46 38
11–15 23 19
Sex Male 69 57
Female 52 43
Contact history Yes 67 55
No 54 45
Fever Yes 98 81
No 23 19
Night sweats Yes 103 85
No 18 15
HIV Reactive 15 12
Non-reactive 106 88
Tuberculin skin test 0 mm 65 54
1–10 mm 34 28
>10 mm 22 18
Anthropometry Normal 43 36
Mild malnourished 28 23
Moderate malnourished 29 24
Severe malnourished 21 17
  1. All participants in the study had cough of greater than 2 weeks of duration. The sign and symptom complex was defined as: night sweats, sweating that leads to wetting of the bed sheet; fever, body temperature of >37.5°C; close contact, living in the same household as, or in frequent contact with, a source case with sputum smear-positive pulmonary TB or clinically diagnosed TB; and anthropometry were based on weight, height/length and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurements and classification of acute malnutrition is according to Waterlow scheme (weight for height (W/H) (not malnourished, W/H >90 percent of reference median; mild malnutrition, W/H 80–90 percent of reference median; moderate acute malnutrition, W/H 70–80 percent of reference median; and severe acute malnutrition, W/H <70 percent of reference median).