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Table 3 Surveys of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C antibody (HCV Ab) prevalence in HIV-infected persons conducted in Kenya and neighboring sub-Saharan Africa countries, 1996-2013

From: Prevalence of hepatitis B and C viral co-infections among HIV-1 infected individuals in Nairobi, Kenya

  Prevalence rates
Author Publication year Country Population Sample size HBsAg (%) HCV (%) HCV/HBV/HIV (%)
Muriuki et al. (current study) 2013 Kenya Outpatient 300 6 10.3  
Mutuma et al.[34] 2011 Kenya Outpatient 51 8.8   
Kapembwa et al.[19] 2011 Zambia Inpatient 323 9.9 2.2  
Moore et al.[26] 2010 Malawi Inpatient 300 6.7 5.7  
Di Bisceglie et al.[35] 2010 South Africa Outpatient 502 4.8   
Mboto et al.[25] 2010 The Gambia Outpatient 1500   0.6  
Kerubo et al.[23] 2010 Kenya outpatients    0.7 0.3
Belay et al.[36] 2010 Ethiopia Blood donors 6321 4.7 0.7  
Lukhwareni et al.[37] 2009 South Africa Outpatient 192 22.9   
Oshitani et al.[38] 1996 Zambia Outpatient 340 7.1   
Harania et al.[22] 2008 Kenya Outpatient 378 6.1 1.1  
Nyirenda et al.[27] 2008 Malawi Inpatient 226 17.5 4.5  
Otegbayo et al.[28] 2008 Nigeria Outpatient 1779 11.9 4.8  
Diop-Niaye et al.[30] 2008 Senegal Outpatient 363 16.8 1.6  
Shimeli et al.[39] 2008 Ethiopia Outpatient 305 3.9   
Fimhaber et al.[35] 2008 South Africa Outpatient 502 4.8   
Hoffmann et al.[40] 2008 South Africa Outpatient 537 19.7   
Nagu et al.[20] 2008 Tanzania Outpatient 260 17.3 18.1  
Pirillo et al.[29] 2007 Uganda Antenatal 164 4.9 0.6  
Telatela et al.[32] 2007 Tanzania Outpatient   15 13.8  
Lesi et al.[41] 2007 Nigeria outpatients 240 9.2 5.8 1.5
Pirillo et al.[29] 2007 Rwanda antenatal 82 2.4 4.9  
Wester et al.[42] 2006 Botswana Outpatient 160 10.6   
Okoth et al.[43] 2006 Kenya Outpatient   15   
Otedo et al.[44] 2004 Kenya Outpatient 599 47   53
Ejele et al.[45] 2004 Nigeria outpatient 342 9.7   1
Rouet et al.[24] 2004 Cote d’Ivoire Antenatal 501 9 1.2  
Mustapha et al.[46] 2004 Gombe Nigeria outpatients 200 26.5   
Kallestrup et al.[31] 2003 Zimbabwe Outpatient 124   0.8  
Kasolo et al.[47] 2003 Zambia Antenatal 214 31.3   
Ampofo et al.[42] 2002 Nigeria blood donors   15 8.4  
Sud et al.[48] 2001 Nigeria outpatients 80 22.2   
Lodenyo et al.[44] 2000 South Africa Outpatient 100 6 1  
Rahlenbeck et al.[49] 1997 Ethiopia outpatients 2186 14.4   
Oshitani et al.[38] 1996 Zambia Outpatient 340 7.1   
Fainboim et al.[33] 1999 Argentina outpatients 484 14.5 58.5