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Table 2 Adrenal insufficiency after any surgery except for orthopaedic surgery

From: Acute adrenal insufficiency following arthroplasty: a case report and review of the literature

Cases Author Country Age Sex Type of surgery Diagnosis Symptoms Lab results
1 Steer and Fromm, 1980 [33] USA 71 M cholecystectomy not done abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, anorexia, weakness, hypotension eosinophilia, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, prothrombin time elevation
2 Jacobson et al., 1986 [34] USA 55 M retropubic prostatectomy CT fever, tachycardia, hypotension, dyspnea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, ileus hyponatremia, hyperkalemia
3 Miller et al., 1986 [35] USA 81 F aorto-iliac aneurysmectomy CT fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, lethargy hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, leukocytosis
4 Homcy and Southern, 1989 [36] USA 71 M colectomy autopsy confusion, hypotension hyponatremia
5 Ting et al., 1992 [37] USA 62 M coronary bypass grafting CT left flank pain, fever, tachypnea, tachycardia, tired, hypotension leukocytosis, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia
6 Leschi et al., 1994 [38] France 63 M aortofemoral bypass graft autopsy confusion hyponatremia, hyperkalemia
7 Belmore and Walters, 1995 [39] USA 53 M laparoscopic cholecystectomy CT abdominal pain, anorexia, fatigue, hypotension, dehydration hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hyperamylasemia, partial thromboplastin time prolonged
8 Scheiwiller et al., 2002 [40] Switzerland 71 M low anterior rectum resection CT anorexia, abdominal pain, fever, hypotension hyponatremia
9 Sousa Escandon et al., 2002 [41] Spain 82 M partial nephrectomy for renal adenocarcinoma CT abdominal pain, nausea, fever, hypotension, severe respiratory distress hyponatremia, azotemia, anemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis
10 Bakaeen et al., 2005 [42] USA 51 M coronary artery bypass graft CT fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, orthostatic hypotension, tachycardia thrombocytopenia
11 Gutenberg et al., 2007 [43] Germany 69 M intracranial tumor surgery exploratory laparotomy hypotension, abdomen tense not reported
12 Munoz Corsini et al., 2008 [44] Spain 63 M right hemicolectomy CT disorientation, difficulty in breathing, tachycardia, fever leukocytosis, anemia, increase in fibrinogen,
13 Peel and Whitelaw, 2011 [45] USA 60 M right hemicolectomy CT backache, fever, hypotension, agitation, confusion hyponatremia, thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis
14 Rosenberger et al., 2011 [2] USA 69 M gastrectomy, esophagojejuno- stomy, cholecystectomy CT abdominal and flank pain, tachypnea, tachycardia, hypotension, oliguria, myocardial infarction oliguric renal failure
15 Balsach Sole et al., 2012 [46] Spain 70 M cephalic duodenopancreatectomy CT lethargy, hypotension hyponatremia, hypoglycemia