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Table 3 Cardiovascular risk factors in those with and without resistant hypertension

From: Prevalence and risk factors for resistant hypertension among hypertensive patients from a developing country

Risk factors Number of patients (%) *p value
  All Resistant Non resistant  
  (n = 277) (n = 53) (n = 224)  
Non modifiable     
  Age (> 55 years) 202 (72.9%) 46 (86.8%) 156 (69.6%) < 0.05
  Gender – Male 139 (50.2%) 28 (52.8%) 111 (49.5%) NS
  Gender – Female 138 (49.8%) 25 (47.2%) 113 (50.4%) NS
  Family history 126 (45.5%) 29 (54.7%) 97 (43.3%) NS
Modifiable     
  High salt intake 61 (22.0%) 12 (22.6%) 49 (21.9%) NS
  Tobacco smoking 16 (5.8%) 1 (1.9%) 15 (6.7%) NS
  Hyperlipidaemia 142 (51.3%) 24 (45.3%) 118 (52.7%) NS
  Diabetes mellitus 111 (40.1%) 30 (56.6%) 81 (36.2%) < 0.01
  Obesity (BMI > 27.5 kg/m2) 185 (66.8%) 42 (79.2%) 143 (63.8%) < 0.05
  Alcohol consumption 29 (10.5%) 7 (13.2%) 22 (9.8%) NS
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, NS Not Significant; *, p values for ‘Resistant’ Vs. ‘Non-resistant’ groups.