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Table 5 Prevalence of obesity, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia among population classified by menopause

From: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its predominant components among pre-and postmenopausal Ghanaian women

Parameters Total Postmenopausal Premenopausal P value
(n = 250) (n = 107) (n = 143)
BMI
Underweight 23(9.2%) 07(6.5%) 16(11.2%) 0.2700
Normal 80(32.0%) 32(29.9%) 48(33.6%) 0.5850
Overweight 89(35.6%) 46(43.0%) 43(30.1%) 0.0450
Obese 58(23.2%) 22(20.6%) 36(25.2%) 0.4500
WHR
Normal 16(6.4%) 01(1.0%) 15(10.5%) 0.0020
Overweight 42(16.8%) 06(5.6%) 36(25.2%) <0.0001
Obese 192(76.8%) 100(93.5%) 92(64.3%) <0.0001
WHtR
Normal 66(26.4%) 18(16.8%) 48(33.6%) 0.0040
Obese 184(73.6%) 89(83.2%) 95(66.4%) 0.0040
FBG
Hyperglycaemia 40(16.0%) 30(28.0%) 10(7.0%) <0.0001
Impaired Glucose 12(4.8%) 06(5.6%) 06(4.2%) 0.7670
DYSLIPIDAEMIA 16(6.4%) 09(8.4%) 07(4.9%) 0.3020
  1. Data are presented as proportion with corresponding percentages in parenthesis. The proportions were compared using Fischer’s exact test. n: number of subjects, Four categories of BMI (≤20, 20–24.9, 25–29.9, and ≥30 kg/m2) were identified. The categories were selected according to WHO recommendations to define individuals with a healthy weight (BMI 20–25), overweight (BMI 25–29.9) and obese (BMI ≥ 30). Individuals with a BMI ≤20 kg/m2 were classified as underweight. Women with WHR < 0.80, 0.80-0.84 and ≥ 0.85 were classified as normal weight, overweight or obese respectively, women with WHtR = < 0.53 and > 0.53 were classified as normal and obese respectively; Hyperglycaemia = fasting blood sugar ≥ 6.1 mmol/l, Impaired Glucose = fasting blood sugar between 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/l and Dyslipidaemia = TG >150 mg/dl and HDL-C < 40 mg/dl.