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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the participants (N = 436)

From: Intention to seek professional psychological help among college students in Turkey: influence of help-seeking attitudes

Variables N % M SD
Age (years)    22 3
Gender     
   Female 237 54.4   
   Male 199 45.6   
Degree program     
   Undergraduate 251 57.6   
   Graduate 185 42.4   
Faculty     
   Engineering & Natural Sciences 212 49.6   
   Education 224 51.4   
Prior counseling experience*     
   Yes 85 19.5   
   No 351 80.5   
Main source of psychological help†**     
   Mental health professional 54 12.4   
   Family 280 64.2   
   Friend 303 69.5   
   Significant other 124 28.4   
   Books 77 17.7   
   Internet 87 20.0   
   No-one 46 10.6   
Awareness of the on-campus counseling center     
   Yes 217 49.8   
   No 219 50.2   
  Source of this knowledge     
     Friend 96 44.7   
     Internet 24 11.1   
     Academic supervisor 27 12.5   
     Orientation program 86 38.9   
     Brochure 24 11.1   
     Posters 12 5.6   
  1. Note. N = number of participants; % = frequency; M = mean; SD = Standard deviation.
  2. *All participants, regardless of psychological distress, answered this question.
  3. **The sources from whom students seek help when they experience psychological problems.
  4. †More than one answer was possible.