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Table 1 Socio demographic characteristics and logistic regression analysis of risk factors for OIs among HIV-infected patients attending at ART clinic of Gondar University Hospital, February- April 2012

From: Common opportunistic infections and their CD4 cell correlates among HIV-infected patients attending at antiretroviral therapy clinic of Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Characteristics N (%) OIs COR (P-value) AOR (P-value)
Yes (%) No (%)
Age      
 15-24 28 (7.8) 7 (25) 21 (75) 1.00 1.00
 25-34 153 (42.5) 30 (19.6) 123 (80.4) 0.732 (0.517) 0.749 (0.649)
 35-44 123 (34.2) 25 (20.3) 98 (79.7) 0.765 (0.568) 0.536 (0.358)
 45-54 45 (12.5) 6 (13.3) 39 (86.7) 0.462 (0.211) 0.363 (0.231)
 >/=55 11 (3.1) 3 (27.30) 8 (72.7) 1.125 (0.884) 0.317 (0.327)
Marital status      
 Single 65 (18.1) 20 (30.8) 45 (69.2) 1.00 1.00
 Married 144 (40) 19 (13.20) 125 (86.8) 0.342 (0.003)* 0.445 (0.104)
 Divorced 86 (23.9) 25 (29.1) 61 (70.9) 0.922 (0.821) 1.428 (0.492)
 Separated 10 (92.7) 0 (0) 10 (100) _ _
 Widow 55 (15.3) 7 (12.7) 48 (87.30 0.328 (0.022)* 0.698 (0.492)
CD4 count (cells/mm 3 )      
 <200 71 (19.7) 41 (57.7) 30 (42.3) 14.602 (<0.001)* 4.933 (<0.001)*
 200-350 102 (28.3) 14 (13.7) 88 (86.3)   1.173 (0.723)
 >350 187 (52) 16 (8.6) 171 (91.4) 1.7 (0.172) 1.00
WHO clinical stage      
 I 273 (75.8) 19 (7) 254 (93) 1.00 1.00
 II 19 (5.3) 6 (31.6) 13 (68.4) 6.17 (0.001)* 3.005 (0.098)
 III 51 (42.2) 32 (62.7) 19 (37.3) 22.517 (<0.001)* 9.418 (<0.001)*
 IV 17 (4.7) 14 (82.4) 3 (17.6) 62.384 (<0.001)* 22.665 (<0.001)*
Co-trimoxazole prophylax      
 Yes 301 (83.6) 47 (15.6) 254 (84.4) 1.00 1.00
 No 59 (16.4) 24 (40.7) 35 (59.3) 3.706 (<0.001)* 1.106 (0.865)
ART status      
 Pre-ART 79 (22) 35 (44.3) 44 (55.7) 3.414 (<0.001)* 2.0003 (0.093)
 On-Art 281 (78) 36 (12.8) 245 (87.2) 1.00 1.00
  1. *Statistically significant association, COR = Crude Odds Ratio, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio.
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