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Table 1 Changes in serum cytokines (pg/mL)

From: Changes in serum cytokines in response to musculoskeletal surgical trauma

  T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 ANOVA
Il-1Rα 441 ± 118 345 ± 125a 363 ± 191 398 ± 119 498 ± 189 0.011
Il-2R 231 ± 70 179 ± 66 187 ± 86 231 ± 67 346 ± 29b 0.003
Il-6 13 ± 33 14 ± 27 33 ± 23c 41 ± 29d 22 ± 26 0.008
Il-8 8.9 ± 4.3 10.0 ± 4.7 18.2 ± 22e 10.4 ± 4.7 15.1 ± 6.4 0.028
Il-12 135 ± 38 106 ± 37f 100 ± 46g 111 ± 36 141 ± 67 0.018
Il-16 0.3 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.7h 1.2 ± 1.0i 0.7 ± 0.9 0.010
Eotaxin 66 ± 20 50 ± 25j 44 ± 26k 38 ± 18l 47 ± 16 m 0.001
  1. Time points are before induction of anaesthesia (T1), at the end of surgery (T2), at 6 hours after surgery (T3), at the day after surgery (T4), and at 6 days after surgery (T5). Values are mean ± standard deviation.
  2. ap = 0.044, bp = 0.014, cp = 0.020, dp = 0.003, ep = 0.006, fp = 0.047, gp = 0.018, hp = 0.019, ip = 0.002, jp = 0.018, kp = 0.001 lp = <0.001, mp = 0.005 in relation to T1.