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Table 2 Relative abundance of fecal bacterial groups for children with eczema by 2 years of age and their healthy controls

From: Molecular analysis of infant fecal microbiota in an Asian at-risk cohort–correlates with infant and childhood eczema

   Healthy Eczema by 2 years of age
Time points Bacterial group n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)
3 day E.rectale - C. coccoides 21 0.27 (1.139) 19 ND
  Clostridium leptum 21 3.08 (9.155) 19 ND
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 21 5.56 (11.654) 19 6.88 (19.386)
  Bifidobacterium 21 29.35 (36.872) 19 15.88 (30.175)
  Atopobium 21 0.44 (0.801) 19 0.86 (3.555)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 21 3.22 (8.631) 19 0.49 (1.370)
  Enterobacteriaceae 21 26.22 (35.55) 19 41.64 (37.819)
  Clostridium perfringens 12 2.05 (7.093) 16 2.99 (8.137)
  Clostridium difficile 12 ND 16 0.66 (2.365)
  E.coli 11 14.17 (29.862) 16 34.98 (40.363)
1 month E.rectale–C. coccoides 23 0.29 (0.589) 19 6.65 (18.510)
  Clostridium leptum 23 ND 19 2.47 (9.339)
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 23 1.65 (3.309) 19 6.01 (16.408)
  Bifidobacterium 23 41.27 (38.514) 19 28.38 (33.945)
  Atopobium 23 6.52 (12.635) 19 2.32 (6.41)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 23 2.74 (7.265) 19 7.98 (15.762)
  Enterobacteriaceae 23 15.63 (23.726) 19 20.1 (23.837)
  Clostridium perfringens 15 0.19 (0.751) 18 0.55 (1.482)
  Clostridium difficile 15 ND 18 ND
  E.coli 15 9.01 (18.952) 18 3.62 (4.631)
3 month E.rectale–C. coccoides 28 5.45 (10.551) 24 7.43 (13.389)
  Clostridium leptum 28 0.46 (1.590) 24 0.01 (0.059)
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 28 3.53 (7.845) 24 3.32 (5.126)
  Bifidobacterium 28 55.86 (32.344) 24 54.21 (33.827)
  Atopobium 28 10.19 (16.06) 24 3.72 (7.037)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 28 2.77 (3.121) 24 2.62 (3.404)
  Enterobacteriaceae 28 3.8 (7.222) 24 6.51 (10.024)
  Clostridium perfringens 17 0.72 (1.547) 20 2.26 (6.246)
  Clostridium difficile 17 ND 20 ND
  E.coli 17 1.16 (2.725) 20 4.26 (10.987)
1 year E.rectale–C. coccoides 27 30.40 (18.445) 24 31.25 (16.0.42)
  Clostridium leptum 27 4.22 (7.022) 24 1.33 (3.047)
  Bacteriodes–Prevotella 27 10.05 (10.082) 24 4.175 (6.049)
  Bifidobacterium 27 28.88 (23.227) 24 27.92 (25.196)
  Atopobium 27 5.91 (8.639) 24 5.05 (9.337)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 27 1.57 (3.437) 24 1.45 (4.99)
  Enterobacteriaceae 27 0.10 (0.3) 24 1.65 (3.162)
  Clostridium perfringens 18 ND 24 0.30 (1.457)
  Clostridium difficile 18 ND 22 0.07 (0.328)
  E.coli 18 0.05 (0.129) 23 0.83 (2.22)
  1. ND, not detected.