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Table 3 Relative abundance of fecal bacterial groups for children with eczema at 5 years of age and their healthy controls

From: Molecular analysis of infant fecal microbiota in an Asian at-risk cohort–correlates with infant and childhood eczema

   Healthy Eczema at 5 years of age
Time points Bacterial group n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)
3 day E.rectale–C. coccoides 10 ND 9 ND
  Clostridium leptum 10 2.7 (8.526) 9 3.74 (11.217)
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 10 10.32 (15.729) 9 7.49 (19.590)
  Bifidobacterium 10 21.65 (33.2) 9 24.45 (34.194)
  Atopobium 10 0.21 (0.439) 9 0.12 (0.229)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 10 5.48 (12.272) 9 0.64 (1.307)
  Enterobacteriaceae 10 47.73 (41.03) 9 30.89 (39.958)
  Clostridium perfringens 7 ND 5 ND
  Clostridium difficile 7 ND 5 ND
  E.coli 7 21.87 (35.99) 5 20.36 (39.873)
1 month E.rectale–C. coccoides 13 0.32 (0.670) 10 0.74 (1.687)
  Clostridium leptum 13 ND 10 4.06 (12.829)
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 13 2.92 (4.008) 10 6.56 (20.824)
  Bifidobacterium 13 48.29 (36.270) 10 21.28 (28.332)
  Atopobium 13 5.15 (9.403) 10 6.01 (12.463)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 13 1.91 (3.987) 10 5.77 (18.246)
  Enterobacteriaceae 13 19.54 (28.826) 10 18.19 (20.289)
  Clostridium perfringens 10 0.29 (0.92) 6 ND
  Clostridium difficile 10 ND 6 ND
  E.coli 10 11.62 (22.528) 6 5.27 (7.354)
3 month E.rectale–C. coccoides 16 4.83 (10.187) 12 7.67 (14.804)
  Clostridium leptum 16 0.17 (0.688) 12 0.2 (0.678)
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 16 2.83 (5.904) 12 6.42 (9.913)
  Bifidobacterium 16 55.21 (33.0) 12 42.557 (35.960)
  Atopobium 16 12.73 (19.887) 12 5.96 (9.282)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 16 2.79 (3.085) 12 3.07 (3.726)
  Enterobacteriaceae 16 4.28 (6.634) 12 10.94 (14.169)
  Clostridium perfringens 12 0.98 (1.791) 7 6.50 (9.55)
  Clostridium difficile 12 ND 7 ND
  E.coli 12 1.64 (3.152) 7 6.83 (13.998)
1 year E.rectale–C. coccoides 15 28.20 (19.361) 12 29.78 (15.534)
  Clostridium leptum 15 3.54 (7.102) 12 1.84 (2.359)
  Bacteriodes-Prevotella 15 9.22 (10.450) 12 4.86 (8.232)
  Bifidobacterium 15 37.97 (23.939) 12 18.88 (24.0)
  Atopobium 15 6.45 (9.575) 12 4.40 (5.199)
  Lactobacilli–Enterococci 15 1.59 (3.724) 12 3.29 (6.987)
  Enterobacteriaceae 15 0.04 (0.152) 12 1.59 (3.133)
  Clostridium perfringens 12 ND 9 ND
  Clostridium difficile 12 ND 7 0.22 (0.582)
  E.coli 12 0.07 (0.155) 8 1.78 (3.521)
  1. ND, not detected.