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Table 2 Relative change in IMT between patients and controls and mean IMT values

From: Risk factors and their impact on carotid intima-media thickness in young and middle-aged ischemic stroke patients and controls: The Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study

  NA Total 15-44 y 45-60 y Females Males Age (p) Sex (p)
CCA         
Relative change   12 (4–22) 3 (−9-15) 19 (8–30) 4 (−6-15) 6 (−9-23)   
Mean IMT patients 1 0.85 0.63 0.94 0.75 0.89 <0.001 0.003
Mean IMT controls 0 0.73 0.61 0.77 0.7 0.82 <0.001 0.008
BIF         
Relative change   17 (2–34) 11 (−9-36) 23 (7–43) 9 (−9-31) 8 (−16-38)   
Mean IMT patients 11 1.34 0.84 1.54 1.23 1.39 <0.001 0.079
Mean IMT controls 2 1.12 0.7 1.26 1.04 1.34 <0.001 0.067
ICA         
Relative change   29 (12–49) 20 (−2-46) 35 (15–58) 28 (7–53) 1 (−23-31)   
Mean IMT patients 30 0.97 0.63 1.1 0.9 1.0 <0.001 0.312
Mean IMT controls 14 0.73 0.47 0.83 0.64 1.06 <0.001 0.021
  1. Data sorted by carotid segment, age group, and sex. Relative change presented in % (CI); IMT presented in mm. CCA = Common carotid artery; BIF = Carotid bifurcation; ICA = Internal carotid artery; NA = Not available.