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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants, by age, gender and kidney disease status

From: Prevalence and risk factors of kidney disease in urban Karachi: baseline findings from a community cohort study

  < 30 years; n (%) 30–50 years; n (%) > 50 years; n (%) Total cohort p value
Gender      0.04*
 Male 71 (42.30) 59 (35.10) 38 (22.60) 168 (36)  
 Female 133 (45.40) 120 (41.00) 40 (13.70) 293 (64)  
  No kidney disease Mild kidney disease Moderate kidney disease Total cohort p value
Gender
 Male 100 (79.40) 14 (11.10) 12 (9.50) 126 (36) 0.3
 Female 192 (85.70) 16 (7.10) 16 (7.10) 224 (64)
Age
 < 30 years 137 (46.90) 15 (50.00) 1 (10.60) 153 (43.70) 0.000**
 30-50 years 124 (42.5) 6 (20.00) 12 (30.00) 142 (40.60)
 > 50 years 31 (10.60) 9 (30.00) 15 (53.60) 55 (15.70)  
  1. *p value < 0.05, calculated by Chi-square test.
  2. **p value < 0.0001, calculated by Chi-square test.