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Table 4 Frequency of abnormal variables on the basis of gender

From: Prevalence and risk factors of kidney disease in urban Karachi: baseline findings from a community cohort study

  Male Female Total cohort p value
Diabetes status     
 Diabetic 16 (10.4) 23 (8.5) 39 (9.2) 0.6
 Non-diabetic 138 (89.6) 249 (91.5) 387 (90.8)
Hypertension status     
 Hypertensive 27 (16.4) 75 (26) 102 (22.5) 0.02*
 Normotensive 138 (83.6) 214 (74) 352 (77.5)
Smoking status     
 Smokers 30 (18) 26 (9.0) 56 (12.3) 0.007*
 Non-smokers 137 (82) 264 (91.0) 401 (87.7)  
  1. *p value < 0.05; calculated by Chi-square test.