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Table 6 Relationship between family medical history and kidney disease status of study participant

From: Prevalence and risk factors of kidney disease in urban Karachi: baseline findings from a community cohort study

  No kidney disease Mild kidney disease Moderate kidney disease Total cohort p value
Diabetes      
 Family history 58 (19.90) 7 (23.30) 0 (0.00) 65 (18.60) 0.03*
 No family history 233 (80.10) 23 (76.70) 28 (100) 284 (81.40)
Hypertension      
 Family history 95 (32.60) 12 (40.00) 3 (10.70) 110 (31.50) 0.03*
 No family history 196 (67.40) 18 (60.00) 25 (89.30) 239 (68.50)
Dyslipidemia      
 Family history 7 (2.40) 1 (3.30) 0 (0.00) 8 (2.30) 0.7
 No family history 284 (97.60) 29 (96.70) 28 (100) 341 (97.70)
Coronary artery disease      
 Family history 39 (13.40) 3 (100) 0 (0.00) 42 (12.00) 0.1
 No family history 252 (86.60) 27 (90.00) 28 (100) 307 (88.00)
Stroke      
 Family history 27 (9.30) 3 (100) 0 (0.00) 30 (8.60) 0.2
 No family history 264 (90.70) 27 (90.00) 28 (100) 319 (91.40)
Kidney stones      
 Family history 39 (13.40) 3 (100) 2 (7.10) 44 (12.60) 0.6
 No family history 252 (86.60) 27 (90.00) 26 (92.90) 305 (87.40)
Kidney failure      
 Family history 14 (4.80) 1 (3.30) 0 (0.00) 15 (4.30) 0.5
 No family history 277 (95.20) 29 (96.70) 28 (100) 334 (95.70)  
  1. *p value < 0.05; calculated by Chi-square test.