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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis for parental factors associated with congenital anomalies among young infants admitted at Bugando Medical Centre

From: Pattern and factors associated with congenital anomalies among young infants admitted at Bugando medical centre, Mwanza, Tanzania

Parental risk factor Congenital malformations Unadjusted Adjusted
  Yes No OR [95% CI] P-value OR [95% CI] P-value
Maternal age       
 ≤35 112 (27.6) 293 (72.4) 1   1  
 >35 19 (47.5) 21 (52.5) 2.4 [1.2-4.6] 0.010 2.2 [1.1-4.3] 0.024
Antenatal visit       
 >3 visit 51 (21.3) 188 (78.7) 1   1  
 ≤3 visit 79 (38.9) 124 (61.1) 2.3 [1.5-3.6] <0.001 2.1 [1.4-3.3] <0.001
Passive smoking       
 No 115 (29.3) 277 (70.7) 1    
 Yes 15 (30) 35 (70) 1.03 [0.5-2] 0.923 _ _
Maternal alcohol intake       
 No 129 (30) 301 (70) 1    
 Yes 1 (8.3) 11 (91.7) 0.21 [0.3-1.7] 0.140 _ _
Maternal use of folic acid       
 Yes 8 (11.9) 59 (88.11) 1   1  
 No 122 (32.5) 253 (67.5) 3.6 [1.6-7.7] 0.001 3.1 [1.4-6.7] 0.005
Paternal age       
 <45 117 (28.5) 293 (71.5) 1    
 ≥45 13 (40.6) 19 (59.4) 1.7 [0.8-3.6] 0.152 _ _