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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis for infant factors associated with congenital anomalies among young infants admitted at Bugando Medical Centre

From: Pattern and factors associated with congenital anomalies among young infants admitted at Bugando medical centre, Mwanza, Tanzania

Risk factors Congenital malformations Unadjusted Adjusted
  Yes n (%) No n (%) OR [95% CI] P-value OR [95% CI] P-value
Sex       
 Male 64 (26.3) 179 (73.7) 1   1  
 Female 65 (32.5) 135 (67.5) 1.3 [0.9-2.0] 0.156 1.8 [1.1-2.8] 0.013
Birth order       
 ≤4 87 (23.7) 280 (76.3) 1   1  
 >4 43 (57.3) 32 (42.7) 4.3 [2.6-7.3] <0.001 4.4 [2.6-7.6] <0.001
Pregnancy type       
 Twin 4 (8.2) 45 (91.8) 1   1  
 Singleton 127 (32.1) 269 (67.9) 5.3 [1.9-15.1] 0.002 3.5 [1.2-10.9] 0.027
History of birth defect       
 No 125 (29.1) 304 (70.9) 1    
 Yes 5 (38.5) 8 (61.5) 1.5 [0.5-4.7] 0.470 - -
Birth weight       
 <2.5 kg 26 (16.1) 135 (83.9) 1   1  
 ≥2.5 kg 105 (37.0) 179 (63.0) 3.0 [1.9-4.9] <0.001 2.3 [1.4-3.9] 0.002