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Table 3 Factors associated with low back pain; a comparison between urban

From: Musculoskeletal pain and school bag use: a cross-sectional study among Ugandan pupils

  Urban(n = 253) Rural (n = 278) Odds ratio 95% CI
Sitting for long 18 (7.1%) 26 (9.4%) 0.90 0.46- 1.74
Walking for long 33 (13) 16 (5.8) 2.67 1.38- 5.16
Carrying the bag 92 (36.4) 96 (34.5) 1.24 0.83- 1.85
Writing 1 (0.4) 3 (1.0) 0.43 0.04- 4.22
Sports/ playing 13 (5.1) 11 (4.0) 1.1 0.47- 2.56
Doing household chores 8 (3.2) 12 (4.3) 0.86 0.34- 2.20
No pain 88 (34.8) 114 (41) 1  
Comparison by sex Male Female   
  66 (32.8) 135 (67.2) 0.54 0.37- 0.79