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Table 2 Co-infection in children with and without PCP

From: Pneumocystis pneumonia in South African children diagnosed by molecular methods

Variable PCP positive PCP negative p
  n = 109 n =93  
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) blood PCR positive 81 (74.3) 43 (46.2) <0.0001
CMV pneumonia 34 (31.2) 11 (11.8) 0.001
M. tuberculosis culture positive 1 (0.9) 4 (4.3) 0.3
Viruses other than CMV 29 (26.6) 41 (44) 0.009
Bacteraemia 7 (6.4) 13 (14.0) 0.12
Staphylococcus aureus 1 1  
Escherichia coli 1 1  
Klebsiella pneumoniae 1 1  
Enterococcus faecalis 1 1  
Streptococcus pneumoniae 0 1  
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 0 3  
Non-typhoidal Salmonella spp. 0 1  
  1. Numbers are n (%).