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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants, southwest Ethiopia, 2010

From: Determinant and outcome of early diagnosis of HIV infection among HIV-exposed infants in southwest Ethiopia

Characteristics Frequency(percentage)
Gender  
 Male 221(51.9)
 Female 205(48.1)
Mothers attended ANC  
 Yes 254(59.6)
 No 114(26.8)
 Not available 58(13.6)
Maternal CD4 count during ANC  
 <200 46(10.8)
 200-350 74(17.4)
 >350 124(29.1)
 Not done 2(0.5)
 Not available 180(42.3)
Maternal clinical stage during ANC  
 WHO stage I 171(40.1)
 WHO stage II 46(10.8)
 WHO stage III 27(6.3)
 WHO stage IV 2(0.5)
 Not available 180(42.3)
Type of PMTCT prophylaxis received by the mother during ANC  
 Combined ARV prophylaxis 76(17.8)
 ART 104(24.4)
 Not documented 12(2.8)
 None 234(54.9)
Mother’s place of delivery  
 Home 137(32.2)
 Health facility 250(58.7)
 Not available 39(9.2)
 Mode of delivery  
 Caesarian section 10(2.3)
 Spontaneous vaginal delivery 362(85.0)
 Not documented 54(12.7)
Mothers took intra partum ARV prophylaxis  
 Yes 247(58.0)
 No 146(34.3)
 Not documented 33(7.7)
Types of ARV received by mother during labor  
 Single-dose NVP 68(16.0)
 Combined ARV prophylaxis 77(18.1)
 HAART 104(24.4)
 None 145(34.0)
 Not documented 32(7.5)
Type of infant PMTCT interventions  
 Single-dose NVP 89(20.9)
 Single-dose NVP + AZT 135(31.7)
 Not documented 39(9.2)
 None 163(38.3)
Infant feeding option chosen  
 Exclusive replacement feeding(ERF) 23(5.4)
 Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) 342(80.3)
 Not available 61(14.3)
Father’s HIV status  
 Positive 188(44.1)
 Negative 41(9.6)
 Not tested 182(42.7)
 Separated 15(3.5)
DNA PCR result of the infant  
 Not done 65(15.3)
 Negative 318(74.6)
 Positive 31(7.3)
 indeterminate pending 12(2.8)
Infant feeding practice  
 Infant on exclusive breast feeding 99(23.2)
 Infant is on exclusive replacement feeding 24(5.6)
 Infant is on mixed feeding 22(5.2)
 Infant is on complementary feeding 48(11.3)
 Infant is weaned off 193(45.3)
 Not documented 40(9.4)
Age at which complementary feeding is started  
 Before 4 months 19(4.5)
 4-6 months 88(20.7)
 After 6 months 115(27.0)
 Not documented 204(47.9)
Duration of breast feeding  
 <6 months 9(2.1)
 6-12 months 134(31.5)
 12-18 months 41(9.6)
 >18 months 11(2.6)
 Not documented 231(54.2)
Maternal clinical stage during breast feeding  
 WHO stage I 210(49.3)
 WHO stage II 78(18.3)
 WHO stage III 32(7.5)
 WHO stage IV 6(1.4)
 Not documented 100(23.5)
Maternal status during breast feeding  
 On Pre ART 240(56.3)
 On ART 102(23.9)
 Not enrolled/Unknown 61(14.3)
 Not applicable 23(5.4)
Maternal adherence to ART  
 Good 92(21.6)
 Fair 2(0.5)
 Poor 3(0.7)
 Mother on Pre ART 238(55.9)
 Not applicable 91(21.4)
Maternal CD4 count during breastfeeding  
 <200 35(8.2)
 200-350 84(19.7)
 >350 196(46.0)
 Not documented 111(26.0)
Developmental pattern of the child  
 Appropriate 343(80.5)
 Delayed 40(9.4)
 Not documented 43(10.1)
Growth pattern of the child  
 Normal 315(73.9)
 Abnormal 68(16.0)
 Not documented 43(10.1)
Final infection status of the infant  
 Infected 41(9.6)
 Not infected 385(90.4)
Infant outcomes  
 Discharged 171(40.1)
 Lost 168(39.4)
 Dead 6(1.4)
 On HAART 26(6.1)
 Still on follow up 47(11.0)
 Transfer out 8(1.9)
Age at discharge from the programme  
 <1 year 86(20.2)
 12-18 months 73(17.1)
 18 months 7(1.6)
 >18 months 5(1.2)
 Not documented 255(59.9)
  1. Not available – There is no registered document in the patents file.