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Table 1 Reported cases of pulmonary embolism after upper extremity operations

From: Pulmonary thromboembolism after operation for bilateral open distal radius fractures: a case report

No Author Age Sex Disease Intervention Delay (days) Cause Thrombosis location
1 Norwood 2004 43 M L elbow/R forearm Fx Osteosynthesis 4 ? R iliac vein → PE
2 Starch 2001 73 M R shoulder cuff tear Open cuff repair 7 Intraoperative position Affected upper limb → PE
3 Kim 2012 56 F B carpal tunnel B carpal tunnel release 3 Stopping anticoagulants ? → PE
4 Sasaki 2007 19 M L finger open Fx Osteosynthesis 17 Obesity B common iliac vein → PE
5 Takizawa 2006 49 F L galeazzi Fx Osteosynthesis 1 ? ? → PE
6 Teramoto 2004 85 F R humerus proximal Fx Osteosynthesis 4 Essential thrombocytopenia ? → PE
7 Watanabe 2012 58 F B distal radius Fx Osteosynthesis 1 Bedrest (preoperative 4 days) ? → PE
8   41 M L finger injury Pedicled groin flap surgery 12 Fixed position L subclavicle vein → PE
  1. M: Male, F: Female, Fx: Fracture, R: Right, L: Left, B: Bilateral ?: Unknown, PE: Pulmonary embolism.