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Table 1 Development of Enterobacteriaceae resistance to selected antibiotics in the UHO in 2000–2011 (in percentages)

From: Antibiotic consumption and its influence on the resistance in Enterobacteriaceae

   2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
CPR KLPN 18 22 19 14 14 16 11 20 42 39 41 41
  ESCO 4 4 2 2 2 3 4 10 11 12 12 11
  ENCL 15 18 22 21 24 15 15 22 30 23 35 32
  PRMI 4 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
CTX KLPN 5 7 6 5 11 12 8 14 38 37 39 40
  ESCO 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 7 9 11 11 10
  ENCL 10 18 23 23 24 18 17 24 29 23 35 32
  PRMI 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
CTZ KLPN 5 7 6 7 12 17 24 24 42 37 40 40
  ESCO 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 8 10 11 11 10
  ENCL 6 18 23 26 24 19 17 26 30 23 35 32
  PRMI 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1
CPM KLPN NT 5 4 3 4 3 2 11 34 30 36 36
  ESCO NT 1 0 0 1 0 1 6 8 10 10 9
  ENCL NT 8 5 1 4 1 2 2 6 8 5 13
  PRMI NT 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
MER KLPN 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
  ESCO 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
  ENCL 0 3 0 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0
  PRMI 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
PPT KLPN 12 19 13 10 11 12 23 31 41 40 43 42
  ESCO 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 9 9 12 12 11
  ENCL 7 13 27 17 16 10 9 20 29 23 35 33
  PRMI 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
OFL KLPN 6 8 15 10 10 11 29 28 30 36 38 41
  ESCO 3 5 5 8 10 13 15 19 22 21 23 21
  ENCL 3 6 5 2 3 4 3 6 7 6 15 10
  PRMI 11 14 14 17 19 17 22 29 33 34 35 33
CIP KLPN 5 10 17 13 10 13 31 30 46 40 42 44
  ESCO 4 6 6 10 11 14 17 22 26 23 26 23
  ENCL 2 6 5 1 4 4 2 7 9 6 17 11
  PRMI 7 16 17 20 18 16 23 29 36 37 39 36
GEN KLPN 12 15 17 17 19 17 17 18 35 32 37 37
  ESCO 3 4 4 4 5 7 6 8 9 8 8 7
  ENCL 15 5 0 4 2 4 1 5 8 4 6 15
  PRMI 48 39 30 23 22 21 18 17 19 21 20 20
AMI KLPN 2 6 7 5 3 8 4 5 12 8 12 8
  ESCO 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 5 4
  ENCL 2 2 1 1 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 2
  PRMI 2 5 4 2 2 1 1 2 5 2 3 1
  1. Legend: CPR - cefoperazone, CTX - cefotaxime, CTZ - ceftazidime, CPM - cefepime, MER - meropenem, PPT - piperacillin/tazobactam, OFL - ofloxacin, CIP - ciprofloxacin, GEN - gentamicin, AMI - amikacin, KLPN - Klebsiella pneumoniae, ESCO - Escherichia coli, ENCL - Enterobacter cloacae, PRMI - Proteus mirabilis, NT - not tested.