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Table 5 Association between frequent/very frequent impact oral health-related quality of life and independent variables (n = 29)

From: Oral health status and its impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents living with HIV-1

Variables Frequent/very frequent impact Total p* value
  Yes No  
  n % n % n %  
Sex        0.568
Male 8 66.7 4 33.3 12 41.4  
Female 12 70.6 5 29.4 17 58.6  
Age        0.041
> 12 years 13 86.7 2 13.3 15 51.7  
≤ 12 years 7 50.0 7 50.0 14 48.3  
Income per capita (median)        0.550
≤ R$ 333.33 10 66.7 5 33.3 15 51.7  
> R$ 333.33 10 71.4 4 28.6 14 48.3  
Number of people residing in the family home        0.228
> 4 9 81.8 2 18.2 11 37.9  
≤ 4 11 61.1 7 38.9 18 62.1  
Education level**        0.185
High school 10 83.3 2 16.7 12 50.0  
Elementary school 7 58.3 5 41.7 12 50.0  
T lymphocyte CD4+        0.498
≤ 500 (cells/mm3) 4 80.0 1 20.0 5 17.2  
> 500 (cells/mm3) 16 66.7 8 33.3 24 82.8  
Viral load***        0.448
> 10,000 (copies/mL) 3 60.0 2 40.0 5 17.9  
≤ 10,000 (copies/mL) 17 73.9 6 26.1 23 82.1  
Time since diagnosis (median) 9 56.3 7 43.8 16 55.2 0.107
≤ 72 months 11 84.6 2 15.4 13 44.8  
> 72 months        
Use of antiretroviral        0.498
Yes 16 66.7 8 33.3 24 82.8  
No 4 80.0 1 20.0 5 17.2  
Presence of HIV-1-associated disease        0.647
Yes 11 68.8 5 31.3 16 55.2  
No 9 69.2 4 30.8 13 44.8  
Presence of caries        0.108
Yes 17 77.3 5 22.7 22 75.9  
No 3 42.9 4 57.1 7 24.1  
Dental treatment need        0.037
Yes 17 81.0 4 19.0 21 72.4  
No 3 37.5 5 62.5 8 27.6  
Gingival changes        -
Yes 6 100.0 - - 6 20.7  
No 14 60.9 9 39.1 23 79.3  
  1. *Fisher’s exact test.
  2. **Two individuals do not go to school and three individuals attend special need schools.
  3. **Data not available for one individual.