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Table 1 Descriptive information and risk factors affecting 200 studied nurses

From: Frequency and risk factors of musculoskeletal pain in nurses at a tertiary centre in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: a cross sectional study

Variable   With WMSD n=169(%) Without WMSD n=31(%) OR 95% CI P-value
Age (yrs): Mean±SD (range)   34.9±8.1 (22–57) 33.42±8 (22–56)    NS$
Gender       
    Male n = 9 8/161 1/30 1.4 (0.18–32.99) NS
    Female n = 191    0.67 (0.03–5.64)  
Marital status       
    Married n = 139 118 (85) 21 (15) 1.1 (0.5–2.5) NS
    Not married n = 61 51 (84) 10 (16)    
Children       
    Yes n = 104 87 (84) 17 (16) 0.95 (0.42–2.15) NS
    No n = 96 81 (85) 15 (15)   Reference category  
Department       
    Medicine n = 73 61 (64) 12 (16) 0.89 (0.38–2.11) NS
    Surgery n = 45 41 (91) 4 (9) 2.16 (0.67–7.77) NS
    Paediatric n = 42 36 (86) 6 (14) 1.13 (0.4–3.33) NS
    Obstetrics &Gyn aecology n = 40 31 (77) 9 (23) 0.55 (0.21–1.43) NS
Working hours per day       
    5–10 hours n = 20 13 (65) 7 (35)   Reference category  
    More than 10 hours n = 180 156 (87) 24 (13) 3.5 (1.13–10.67) 0.01**
Duration of job (yr)       
    Less than 1 n = 21 15 (71) 6 (29)   Reference category  
    Between 1–5 n = 72 60 (83) 12 (17) 2 (0.56–7.06) NS
    Between 6–10 n = 38 34 (90) 4 (10) 3.4 (0.7–17.3) NS
    More than 10 n = 69 60 (87) 9 (13) 2.67 (0.71–10.01) NS
Co–morbid illness       
    Yes n = 49 43 (87) 6 (13) 1.42 (0.51–4.16) NS
    No n = 151 126 (83) 25 (17)   Reference category  
Weight       
    Underweight n = 67 50 (75) 17 (25) 0.45 (0.19–1.07) 0.05*
    Normal weight n = 100 87 (87) 13 (13)   Reference category -
    Overweight n = 24 24 (100) - 0.82 (0.77–0.88) NS
    Obese n = 9 8 (89) 1 (11) 1.5 (0.18–12.4) NS
Smoking       
     Yes n = 3 2 (75) 1 (25) 1.9 (0.64–2) NS
    No n = 197 165 (84) 32 (16)   Reference category  
Work-related factors       
 Manual lifting of patients       
    Yes n = 177 152 (86) 25 (14) 2.15 (0.68–6.5) NS
    No n = 23 17 (73) 6 (27)   Reference category  
 Not enough staff       
    Yes n = 112 101 (90) 11 (10) 2.7 (1.14–6.47) 0.01**
    No n = 88 68 (77) 20 (23)   Reference category  
  1. WMSDs: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders, yr: years, OR: Odds ratio.
  2. P -value was obtained using the chi-squared test and student’s t-test$.
  3. Significant at <0.05*, P < 0.01** and P < 0.001***.