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Table 4 Risk factors associated with the presence of lower back pain among nurses

From: Frequency and risk factors of musculoskeletal pain in nurses at a tertiary centre in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: a cross sectional study

Variable With LBP n = 130(%) Without LBP n = 70(%) X 2 Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Department      
   Medicine n = 73 52 (40) 21 (30) 2 1.56 (0.84–2.9) NS
   Surgery n = 45 35 (27) 10 (14) 4.2 2.2 (1–4.8) <0.05*
   Paediatric n = 42 24 (18) 18 (26) 2.2 1.2 (0.9–1.66) NS
   Ob & Gyn n = 40 19 (15) 21 (30) 6.73 1.5 (1–2.1) <0.01**
Manual lifting of patients      
   Yes n = 177 116 (65) 61 (35) 0.2 1.2 (0.5–2.9) NS
   No n = 23 14 (61) 9 (39)    
Not enough staff      
   Yes n = 112 75 (67) 37 (33) 0.43 1.2 (0.7–2.2) NS
   No n = 88 55 (62) 33 (38)    
  1. LBP: Low back pain, OR: Odds ratio, NS : non significant.
  2. P -value were obtained using the chi-squared test.
  3. *Significant at <0.05*, P < 0.01** and P < 0.001***.