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Table 1 Factors associated with contracting bilharzia in Kwite village for cases and controls, June 2012

From: Schistosomiasis outbreak investigation, Empandeni Ward, Mangwe District, Matabeleland South Province, June 2012; a case control study

Exposure   Cases n = 42 (%) Controls n = 84 (%) Odds ratio (95% CI) p value
Drinking water from an unprotected source Yes 39 (92.9) 64 (76.2) 4.06 0.022
No 3 (7.1) 20 (23.8) (1.13-14.57)
Swimming in dam Yes 39 (92.4) 32 (38.1) 21.13 <0.01
No 3 (7.1) 52 (61.9) (6.03-74.04)
Having garden at home Yes 27 (64.3) 64 (76.2) 0.57 0.159
No 15 (35.7) 20 (23.8) (0.25-1.26)
Bathing in the dam Yes 31 (73.8) 21 (25) 8.45 <0.01
No 11 (26.2) 63 (75) (3.63-19.72)
Using toilet at home Yes 21 (50) 50 (59,5) 0.68 0.310
No 21 (50) 34 (40.5) (0.32-1.43)
Fishing in dam Yes 28 (66.7) 22 (26.2) 5.63 <0.01
No 14 (13.3) 62 (73.8) (2.59-12.61)
Crossing water body to school Yes 32 (76.2) 45 (53.6) 2.77 0.014
No 10 (23.8) 39 (46.4) (1.21-6.36)
passing human waste into water bodies Yes 20 (47.6) 19 (22.9) 3.06 0.005
No 22 (52.4) 64 (77.1) (1.39-6.77)