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Table 1 Reported patients with a high PSA level and prostate cancer not diagnosed by prostate biopsy

From: A case of metastatic cancer with markedly elevated PSA level that was not detected by repeat prostate biopsy

  Authors Age PSA Prostate biopsy (core numbers) Biopsy of metastatic site
1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1 Sato, et al. 73 100 Transrectal (6)     Cervical lymph node
2 Nakata, et al. 61 56.3 Transrectal (9) Transrectal (2) Perineal (10)   Pubic bone
3 Ueda, et al. 80 259 Perineal (6) Perineal (12)    Pubic bone
4 Wakatabe, et al. 80 400 Transrectal (8) Perineal (22)    Not performed
5 Wakatabe, et al. 69 96 Transrectal (4) Perineal (22)    Bone
6 Makino, et al. 75 4222 Perineal (12) Perineal (14) Perineal (15)   Iliac bone
7 Shin, et al. 75 439 Transrectal (20) TURP    Ureter
8 Fukumoto, et al. 66 88.1 Perineal (8) Perineal (10) Perineal (17) Transrectal (3) External iliac lymph nodes
9 Present case 64 2036 Transrectal (10) Transrectal (12) TURP   Not performed
  1. TURP: transurethral resection of the prostate.