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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of 901 PD patients

From: Chinese culture permeation in the treatment of Parkinson disease: a cross-sectional study in four regions of China

Characteristics Total (n = 901) Gulf of Bohai (n = 283) Changjian Delta (n = 275) Pearl-River Delta (n = 110) Mid-west Area (n = 233) P Value
Men, n (%) 562 (62.4) 180 (63.6) 174 (63.3) 67 (60.9) 141 (60.5) 0.87
Age at survey (yr) 67.0 (15.0) 68.0 (15.0) 66.0 (15.0) 67.5 (13.0) 67.0 (15.0) 0.43
  <60, n (%) 254 (28.2) 76 (26.9) 87 (31.6) 27 (24.5) 97 (41.6)  
  60-69, n (%) 266 (29.5) 81 (28.6) 111 (40.4) 36 (32.7) 72 (30.9)  
  ≥70, n (%) 381 (42.3) 126 (44.5) 77 (28.0) 47 (42.7) 64 (27.5)  
Education (yr) 10.7 (4.6) 12.2 (4.2) 10.3 (4.5) 9.4 (5.1) 10.0 (4.3) <0.001
Occupation, n (%)            <0.001
  Labor/ Service, n (%) 392 (43.5) 89 (31.5) 146 (53.1) 58 (52.7) 99 (42.5)  
  Administrative, n (%) 253 (28.1) 107 (37.8) 51 (18.5) 24 (21.8) 71 (30.5)  
  Professional, n (%) 256 (28.4) 87 (30.7) 78 (28.4) 28 (25.5) 63 (27.0)  
Living on personal income, n (%) 722 (80.1) 261 (92.2) 212 (77.1) 69 (62.7) 180 (77.3) <0.001
Age of 1st symptom onset (yr) 61.0 (15.0) 60.0 (15.0) 60.0 (16.0) 61.5 (18.0) 63 · 0 (14.0) 0.35
Age at diagnosis (yr) 62.8 (15.6) 61.9 (16.0) 61.7 (15.6) 63.1 (17.8) 63.8 (13.5) 0.29
Months from onset to 1st visit 3.0 (12.0) 4.0 (12.0) 3.0 (9.0) 3.0 (12.0) 3.0 (12.0) 0.11
Tremor as 1st symptom, n (%) 586 (65.4) 185 (65.4) 170 (61.8) 75 (68.2) 156 (67.0) 0.55
Resting tremor, n (%) 758 (84.1) 241 (85.2) 233 (84.7) 88 (80.0) 143 (84.1) 0.64
Rigidity, n (%) 832 (92.3) 270 (95.4) 253 (92.0) 102 (92.7) 207 (88.8) 0.05
Bradykinesia, n (%) 881 (97.8) 281 (99.3) 269 (97.8) 108 (98.2) 223 (95.7) 0.05
Hoehn-Yahr stage, n (%)            <0.001
  1.0-1.5 173 (19.2) 44 (15.6) 71 (18.9) 14 (12.7) 44 (18.9)  
  2.0-2.5 560 (62.2) 189 (66.8) 151 (58.4) 84 (76.4) 136 (58.4)  
  3.0 114 (12.6) 34 (12.0) 45 (12.9) 5 (4.6) 30 (12.9)  
  4.0-5.0 54 (6.0) 16 (5.7) 8 (9.9) 7 (6.4) 23 (9.9)  
UPDRS-II, scores 11.0 (8.0) 10.0 (8.0) 10.0 (11.0) 11.0 (7.0) 12.0 (11.0) <0.001
UPDRS-III, scores 25.0 (20.0) 27.0 (20.0) 23.0 (18.0) 24.0 (19.0) 26.0 (23.0) 0.02
PD duration, months 50.0 (58.0) 56.0 (61.0) 50.0 (56.0) 49.0 (56.0) 44.0 (53.0) <0.001
  Hoehn-Yahr stage 1.0-2.0 37.0 (43.0) 41.0 (48.0) 40.0 (38.0) 37.0 (48.0) 27.0 (45.0)  
  Hoehn-Yahr stage 2.5-5 70.0 (70.0) 82.0 (78.5) 72.0 (69.0) 76.0 (75.5) 56.0 (53.5)  
MMSE score < cutoff, n (%) 225 (25.0) 55 (19.4) 61 (22.2) 30 (27.3) 79 (33.9) 0.005
Depressive symptom, n (%) 406 (45.1) 100 (35.3) 113 (41.1) 60 (54.5) 133 (57.1) 0.004
  1. Abbreviations: IQ, interquartile range; Values are given as Median (IQ) unless stated otherwise; MMSE cutoff score for aged 55 and over: ≤19 for illiterate, ≤22 for 1-6 years of education, ≤ 26 for ≥7 years of education. Depressive symptom: Hamilton Depression Scale (17 items) ≥9. Cardinal variables were compared with the Kruskal-Wallis test, dichotomous variables with 2x4 –Chi-square test.