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Table 1 Characteristics of VL patients and their malnutrition status in Northwest Ethiopia, 2012

From: Prevalence of malnutrition and associated risk factors among adult visceral leishmaniasis patients in Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Characteristics Total examined Severely malnourished COR (95% CI) P-values
Yes No
Sex      
 Male 397 (98.5)* 149 (37.5) 248 (62.5) 3.00 (0.34 – 68.61) 0.41#
 Female 6 (1.5) 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3) 1.00  
Age      
 18-27 274 (68.0) 98 (35.8) 176 (64.2) 1.00 0.46
 28-37 104 (25.8) 40 (38.5) 64 (61.5) 1.12 (0.69 – 1.84)  
 >37 25 (6.2) 12 (48.0) 13 (52.0) 1.66 (0.68 – 4.05)  
Occupation      
 Daily laborer 378 (93.8) 140 (37.0) 238 (63.0) 0.88 (0.36 – 2.18) 0.06
 Non-daily laborers۩ 25 (6.2) 10 (40.0) 15 (60.0) 1.00  
Educational status      
 Illiterate 294 (73.0) 105 (35.7) 189 (64.3) 0.79 (0.49 – 1.27) 0.30
 Literate 109 (27.0) 45 (41.3) 64 (58.7) 1.00  
Residence      
 Rural 363 (90.1) 135 (37.2) 228 (62.8) 0.99 (0.48 – 2.04) 0.51
 Urban 40 (9.9) 15 (37.5) 25 (62.5) 1.00  
Over all 403 (100) 150 (37.2) 253 (62.8)   
  1. *Figures in parenthesis indicate percentage, ۩Governmental employee = 6, students = 8 and merchants = 11, # Fisher exact.