Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of possible risk factors with malnutrition among patients with VL in Northwest Ethiopia, 2012

From: Prevalence of malnutrition and associated risk factors among adult visceral leishmaniasis patients in Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Risk factors Total Severely Malnourished COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI) P-values
Yes No
Eating breakfast       
 Always 127 (31.5)* 97 (35.1) 179 (64.9) 1.00 1.00 0.07
 Sometimes 276 (68.5) 53 (41.7) 74 (58.3) 1.32 (0.84 – 2.08) 1.56 (0.96 – 2.51)  
Domestic animal       
 Present 218 (54.1) 85 (39.0) 133 (61.0) 1.00 1.00 0.48
 Absent 185 (45.9) 65 (35.1) 120 (64.9) 0.85 (0.55 – 1.30) 0.99 (0.59 – 1.65)  
Private farm       
 Present 168 (41.7) 70 (41.7) 98 (58.3) 1.00 1.00 0.14
 Absent 235 (58.3) 80 (34.0) 155 (66.0) 0.72 (0.47 – 1.11) 0.65 (0.38 – 1.11)  
Family size       
 ≤5 212 (52.6) 79 (37.3) 133 (62.7) 1.00 1.00 0.98#
 6-10 185 (45.9) 69 (37.3) 116 (62.7) 1.00 (0.65 – 1.54) 1.12 (0.18 – 6.67)  
 ≥11 6 (1.5) 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 0.84 (0.10 – 5.50) 1.19 (0.21 – 7.05)  
Anemia       
 Mild 87 (21.6) 31 (35.6) 56 (64.4) 1.00 1.00 0.42
 Moderate 205 (50.9) 72 (35.1) 133 (64.9) 0.98 (0.56 – 1.71) 1.38 (0.76 – 2.52)  
 Severe 111 (27.5) 47 (42.3) 64 (57.7) 1.33 (0.71 – 2.47) 1.43 (0.88 – 2.32)  
HIV Status       
 Negative 361 (89.6) 130 (36.0) 231 (64.0) 1.00 1.00 0.19
 Positive 42 (10.4) 20 (47.6) 22 (52.4) 1.62 (0.81 – 3.21) 1.67 (0.34 – 3.32)  
Intestinal parasites       
 Absent 211 (52.4) 50 (23.7) 161 (76.3) 1.00 1.00 0.00
 Present 192 (47.6) 100 (52.1) 92 (47.9) 3.50 (2.24 – 5.48) 3.01 (2.20 – 5.11)  
  1. *Figures in parenthesis indicate percentage, # Fisher exact.