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Table 1 Comparison of risk factors for neonatal mortality between adolescents and adults

From: A systematic review of risk factors for neonatal mortality in Adolescent Mother’s in Sub Saharan Africa

Factors contribution to neonatal mortality Measure Adults (95%CI) Adolescents (95%CI) P-value Reference & Study quality**
Perinatal/Neonatal Mortality PNMR (/1000 live births) 23.47 (22.6 – 24.4)^ 39.68 (37.3 – 42.1)^ ≤0.01 14+++, 15+++,16+, 17+,18+++,19+,20+++,21+,22+,24+++,25+++
Hazard Ratio 1 3.05 (1.3 – 6.81) 1.12 (0.92 – 1.36)   17+ 9++
Odds Ratio 1 1.3 (0.3 – 6.4)   23++
Limited schooling (no/primary education) Prevalence (%) 40.29 (35.45 – 45.13)^ 75.93 (71.84 – 80.02)^ ≤0.01 26+++, 28++
Odds Ratio 1 4.9 (3.14 – 7.68)   28++
Single Prevalence (%) 18.35 (14.52 – 22.16)^ 47.65 (43.19 – 52.11)^ ≤0.01 26+++,28++,27+++
Odds Ratio 1 2.78 (1.65 – 4.70)   28++
≤2 - 3 ANC visits Prevalence (%) 21.51 (19.35 – 23.67)^ 22.16 (19.24 – 25.08)^ 0.38 25+++, 26+++, 28++, 29++,
OR 1.00 2.8 (1.2 - 6.5)   29++
Partner’s limited schooling (no/primary education) Prevalence (%) 35.96 (30.08 – 41.92) 52.20 (45.68 – 58.72) ≤0.01 28++
OR 1.00 1.95 (1.23 – 3.08)   28++
Parent’s not married Prevalence (%) 38.54 (32.95 – 44.13) 97.34 (95.59 – 91.11) ≤0.01 28++
First pregnancy/primiparous Prevalence 36.99 (27.7 – 46.28)^ 79.82 (73.64 – 86.00)^ ≤0.01 26+++,27+++,
Preterm delivery (<35-38 weeks) Prevalence (%) 20.87 (19.14 – 22.60)^ 44.04 (38.51 – 49.57)^ ≤0.01 15+++, 17+, 29++
OR 1.00 1.3 (0.6 – 2.6)   29++
Maternal co-morbidity* Prevalence (%) 1.70 (1.0 – 2.42)^ 7.60 (4.27 – 10.93)^ ≤0.01 26+++, 27+++, 29++
OR 1.00 5.9 (1.7 – 19.9)   
Pregnancy/labour complications# Prevalence (%) 19.02 (13.95 – 24.05)^ 29.82 (22.75 – 36.85)^ 0.02 26+++, 27+++,
Very/ Low Birth Weight Prevalence (%) 13.49 (12.26 – 14.72)^ 23.05 (19.95 – 26.15)^ ≤0.01 15+++, 17+, 25+++,27+++, 29++
OR 1.00 2.9 (1.5 - 5.6)   29++
  1. *Maternal co-morbidities: HIV, Malaria, Syphilis, TB, hyptertension, maternal infection.
  2. #Pregnancy/labour complications: pre-eclamptic toxemia, eclampsia, premature rupture of membrane, ante-partum hemorrhage/post partum hemorrhage and obstructed labour.
  3. **References listed following the order in which statistics appear, ratings are: +++strong; ++moderate, +weak;
  4. ^Average of studies.