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Table 3 Association of adherence to dietary advice and physical activity with different variables (n = 385)

From: Factors associated with nonadherence to diet and physical activity among nepalese type 2 diabetes patients; a cross sectional study

Variables Adherence% dietary advice (M ± SD) Adherence% physical activity (M ± SD)
Sex
Female 27 ± 15.5 66 ± 23.5
Male 33 ± 16.7 69 ± 24.4
t/p 3.55/0.001 * NS
Advice given by
Physician 33 ± 16.7 68 ± 23.0
Others 24 ± 13.8 64 ± 25.8
t/p 5.204/0.001 * NS
Advice during follow-up
Yes 33 ± 16.7 68 ± 23.0
No 24 ± 13.8 64 ± 25.8
t/p 4.381/0.001 * NS
Age
<40 30 ± 14.8 71 ± 22.0
41-50 28 ± 17.3 68 ± 21.9
51-60 34 ± 15.6 69 ± 27.6
>61 28 ± 16.2 62 ± 22.7
F/p
Marital status
Married (M) 29 ± 16.1 68 ± 23.9
Separate/divorce (S) 27 ± 18.1 52 ± 26.8
Widowed (W) 42 ± 15.0 69 ± 14.4
F/p
Occupation
Housewife (H) 28 ± 16.3 65 ± 23.1
Employed (E) 32 ± 16.5 69 ± 24.5
Unemployed (U) 28 ± 14.8 64 ± 24.5
F/p NS
Income per mth (Rs)
<5000 (<5 T) 33 ± 17.0 69 ± 25.8
5000-1000 (5–10)T 28 ± 14.4 65 ± 24.7
>10000 (>10 T) 30 ± 16.3 68 ± 21.9
F/p NS
Types of family
Nuclear 34 ± 17.4 67 ± 21.2
Joint 26 ± 14.1 69 ± 24.9
Extended 24 ± 12.8 56 ± 31.3
F/p
Area of residence
Rural (R) 27 ± 17 73 ± 25.7
Semiurban (S) 31 ± 15.7 64 ± 24.6
Urban (U) 30 ± 16.8 68 ± 19.4
F/p NS
Duration of diabetes (years)
<2 33 ± 17.6 66 ± 25.1
2-6 29 ± 14.6 66 ± 23.3
>6 25 ± 15.3 64 ± 23.0
F/p NS
Knowledge level
Poor (P) 25 ± 13.8 69 ± 22.8
Moderate (M) 32 ± 16.3 64 ± 25.3
Good (G) 36 ± 19.3 66 ± 24.6
F/p NS
  1. *Results expressed in mean ± SD. Independent t-test was performed as test is significance, p < 0.05 was taken as level of significance.
  2. Results are expressed by mean ± SD. One way ANOVA (Turkey) was performed as the test of significance, p < 0.05 was taken as the level of significance.