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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and associated factors with CMV infection of pregnant women in Thika, Kenya

From: Seroprevalence of Cytomegalo Virus (CMV) among pregnant women in Thika, Kenya

Variable Participants (n/%) IgM (n/%) IgG (n/%) Univariate Multivariate
Age group:      
21-25 52(20) 31(12) 7(22.26)   
26-30 95(36) 5(13.68) 77(81.05) OR = 0.0898 3.3866
31-35 54(21) 2(3.7) 46(85.19) 95% CI = 0.0017-4.4637 0.0665-172.5
36-40 18(7) 4(22.22) 10(55.56) P = 0.2310 0.5430
41-45 10(4) 1(10) 9(90)   
Subtotal 260 21(8.1) 201(77.1)   
   Marital status:
Single 66(24.39) 9(13.6) 38(57.6) OR = 3.7533 0.3897
Married 168(64.61) 12(7.2) 137(82) 95% CI =3.0231-6.9631 0.004-0.0451
Divorced 27(10.39) 0(0) 26(96.3) P < 0.0001 0.0004
Sub total 260 21 201   
Parity:      
None 117(45) 12(10.35) 76(65.5) OR = 0.2373 0.2224
One to four 138(53.08) 8(5.8) 121(87.7) 95% CI =0.1246-0.4519 0.1143-0.5643
>four 5(13.59) 0(0) 4(66.7) P < 0.0001 P = 0.0003
Sub total 260 20 240   
   Trimester of pregnancy:
First 131(50.4) 9(6.9) 101(77.1) OR = 1.881 2.3346
Second 129(49.6) 12(9.3) 100(77.5) 95% CI = 0.4448-2.6617 0.8996-3217
Sub total 260 21 201 P = 0.8532 0.7756
   Location:
rural 111(42.7) 9(8.1) 84(75.7) OR = 0.8509 1.0074
urban 149(57.3) 12(8.1) 117(78.5) 95% CI = 0.4746-1.5256 0.489-2.484
Sub total 260 21 201 P = 0.5878 0.9873
   Education:
None 3(1.2) 0(0) 3(100) OR = 0.6364 0.427
Primary 12(4.6) 4(33.33) 8(66.7) 95% CI = 0.0318-12.7301 0.0132-13820
Secondary 79(330.4) 9(11.4) 58(73.4) P = 0.7675 0.1001
Tertiary 166(63.8) 8(4.8) 132(79.5)   
Sub total 260 21 201   
   Occupation:
Business 68(26.2) 5(7.4) 55(80.9)   
Employed 70(26.9) 3(4.3) 58(82.9) OR 0.6369 1.6143
Housewife 33(12.7) 5(15.2) 26(78.8) 95% CI = 0.2210-1.8359 0.2047-12.7299
Farmer 43(16.5) 3(7.0) 34(79.1) P = 0.04036 0.6494
Student 46(17.7) 5(10.9) 28(60.9)   
Sub-total 260 21 201   
   History of blood transfusion:
No 243(93.5) 20(8.2) 20(8.2) OR = 0.0374 2.7125
Yes 17(6.5) 1(5.9) 12(70.6) 95% CI = 0.00120-0.1168 0.0132-0.01382
Sub Total 260 21 32 P < 0.001 P < 0.003
   HIV status:
positive 27(10.3) 1(3.7) 23(85.2) OR = 0.3804 1.7767
negative 233(89.6) 20(8.6) 178(76.4) 95% CI = −0.0491-2.9448 0.5890-5.3589
Sub total 260 21 201 P = 0.3546 0.3076
  1. Abbreviations: OR Odds Ratio, CI confidence interval.