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Table 3 Waterpipe smokers’ characteristics according to gender

From: Prevalence, social acceptance, and awareness of waterpipe smoking among dental university students: a cross sectional survey conducted in Jordan

Questions related to the behaviors of waterpipe smokers Male Female Total
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age at starting smoking waterpipe    
  ≤15 years 19 (31.6) 5 (12.5) 24 (24.0)
  16-18 years 31 (51.7) 19 (47.5) 50 (50.0)
  >18 years 10 (16.6) 16 (40.0) 26 (26.0)
Having family members who smoke waterpipe    
  No one 23 (38.3) 10 (25.0) 33 (33.0)
  Father 12 (20.0) 6 (15.0) 18 (18.0)
  Mother 3 (5.1) 4 (10.0) 7 (7.1)
  Brother 24 (40.0) 19 (47.5) 43 (43.0)
  Sister 1 (1.7) 11 (27.5) 12 (12.0)
Who encouraged you to start smoking waterpipe?    
  No one 15 (25.0) 6 (15.0) 21 (21)
  Family 1 (1.7) 9 (22.5) 10 (10)
  Friends 37 (61.7) 18 (45.0) 55 (55.0)
  Relatives 2 (3.3) 6 (15.0) 8 (8.0)
  Others 5 (8.3) 1 (2.5) 6 (6.0)
Where do you smoke waterpipe most of the times?    
  At home in the presence of parents 13 (21.7) 21 (52.5) 34 (34)
  At home when parents go out 4 (6.7) 1 (2.5) 5 (5.0)
  At Waterpipe Café 42 (70.0) 17 (42.5) 59 (59.0)
  Others 1 (1.7) 1 (2.5) 2 (2.0)
With whom do you smoke waterpipe most of the times?    
  Family 5 (8.3) 15 (38.5) 20 (20.2)
  Friends 49 (81.7) 21 (53.8) 70 (70.7)
  Relatives 5 (8.3) 3 (7.7) 8 (8.1)
  Alone 1 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0)
Why do you smoke waterpipe?    
  Imitation 2 (3.3) 1 (2.6) 3 (3.0)
  Alleviation of stress 15 (25.0) 9 (23.1) 24 (24.2)
  For pleasure 37 (61.7) 23 (59.0) 60 (60.6)
  Less harmful than cigarettes 3 (5.0) 1 (2.6) 4 (4.0)
  Just to try 4 (6.7) 9 (23.1) 13 (13.1)
  Other reasons 13 (21.7) 3 (7.7) 16 (16.2)
Parents’ reactions regarding your waterpipe smoking?    
  Indifferent, I smoke Waterpipe at home when they are around 20 (33.3) 25 (62.5) 45 (45.0)
  If they knew they would discipline me 21 (35.0) 8 (20.0) 29 (29.0)
  Other reactions 19 (31.7) 7 (17.5) 26 (26.0)
Have you tried to quit Waterpipe smoking?    
  Yes 38 (63.3) 21 (52.5) 59 (59.0)
  No 20 (33.3) 18 (45.0) 38 (38.0)
If yes, explain the reason:    
  I have a disease that was caused by smoking 3 (5.0) 3 (7.5) 6 (6.0)
  Knowing the bad effects of smoking on systemic health 26 (43.3) 16 (40.0) 42 (42.0)
  Cost 6 (10.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (6.0)
  Long time needed to prepare 6 (10.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (6.0)
  It’s bad effects on the oral health 12 (20.0) 9 (22.5) 21 (21.0)
  Others 3 (5.0) 3 (7.5) 6 (6.0)