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Table 3 Bivariate Analysis of factors associated with HIV positivity, South Gondar, Amhara, Ethiopia July 2013

From: Risk of HIV and associated factors among infants born to HIV positive women in Amhara region, Ethiopia: a facility based retrospective study

  DBS Result   COR (95% CI) P value
Negative Positive
Age at DBS tested     
     At 6 week 104 6 1 0.002
     6th week to 6 months 241 14 1.00 (0.37, 2.69)
     After 6 months 45 24 9.24 (3.5,24.2)*
Mothers’ Age     
     15-24 83 12 1 0.761
     25-34 234 26 1.7 (0.6, 4.6)
     35+ 73 6 1.3 (0.5, 3.4)
Maternal Education     
     Unable read & write 211 40 8.4 (2.9, 14.8)* 0.013
     Able to read & write 179 4 1
Infant ARV prophylaxis     
     Yes 337 14 1 0.0001
     No 53 30 10.6 (3.5, 13.8)*
Place of delivery     
     Health facility 314 14 1 0.0001
     Home 76 30 8.8 (4.4, 17.5)*
Feeding practice     
     EBF 374 28 1 0.0001
     MF 16 16 12.4 (6.0, 18.1)*
Infants enrolled for HIV care & support     
     Yes 370 32 1 0.004
     No 20 12 6.7 (3.1, 15.4)*
Mothers’ treatment     
     ART 245 10 1 0.0001
     ARV prophylaxis 110 12 2.6 (1.1, 6.3)*
     None 15 10 16.0 (6.8, 24.9)*
Duration of treatment     
     >4 weeks 330 8 1 0.0001
     <=4 weeks 25 14 23 (8.8, 39)*
  1. *Statistically significant at P value less than 0.05 and 95% CI.