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Table 4 Multivariate Analysis of factors associated with HIV positivity, South Gondar Amhara, Ethiopia July 2013

From: Risk of HIV and associated factors among infants born to HIV positive women in Amhara region, Ethiopia: a facility based retrospective study

Variables DBS Result   COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Negative Positive
Age at DBS tested     
     At 6 week 104 6 1 1
     6th week to 6 months 241 14 1.00 (0.4, 2.7) 0.56 (0.17, 1.81)
     After 6 months 45 24 9.2 (3.5,24.2)* 2.7 (1.3, 29.4)*
Maternal Age     
     15-24 83 12 1 1
     25-34 234 26 1.7 (0.6, 4.6) 1.3 (0.2, 6.7)
     35+ 73 6 1.3 (0.5, 3.4) 0.5 (0.1, 3.0)
Maternal Education     
     Unable to read & write 211 40 8.4 (2.9, 14.8)* 4.2 (0.8,21.4)
     Able to read & write 179 4 1 1
Place of delivery     
     Health facility 337 14 1 1
     Home 53 30 10.6 (3.5,13.8)* 6.1 (2.1, 18.6)*
Infant ARV prophylaxis     
     Yes 314 14 1 1
     No 76 30 8.8 (4.4, 17.5)* 6.7 (2.9, 23.1)*
Feeding practice     
     EBF 374 28 1 1
     MF 16 16 12.4 (6.0,18.1)* 8.8 (4.5, 22.8)*
Infants enrolled for HIV care & support     
     Yes 370 32 1 1
     No 20 12 6.9 (3.1, 15.4)* 2.5 (0.6, 10.1)
Mothers’ treatment     
     ART 245 10 1 1
     ARV prophylaxis 110 12 2.6 (1.1, 6.3)* 3.1 (0.7,12.8)
     None 15 10 16.0 (6.8,24.9)* 21.6 (14.5, 39.8)*
Duration of treatment     
     >4 weeks 330 8 1 1
     <=4 weeks 25 14 23 (8.8, 39)* 12 (4.2, 45)*
  1. Adjusted for age at DBS tested, maternal age, maternal education, feeding practice, place of delivery and prophylaxis.
  2. *Statistically significant at P value less than 0.05 and 95% CI.