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Table 3 Involuntary psychiatric care before and after the introduction of community treatment orders (CTOs)

From: Community treatment orders in a Swedish county - applied as intended?

  Period Ia Period IIb Change p-value
Total number of patients 524 514 - 2% 0,780
Inpatient treatment episodes 739 720 - 3% 0,637
Inpatient days 59 423 42 060 - 29% <0,001
 Thereof, number of days on leave 23 625 9 546 - 60% <0,001
Days in hospital 35 798 32 514 - 9% <0,001
Days of CTOs - 20 299   
Days on leave + CTOs 23 625 29 845 + 26% <0,001
Days in hospital + on leave + CTOs 59 423 62 359 + 5% <0,001
  1. aThe two year-period before the reform bThe two year-period after the reform.