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Table 1 Participants’ opinions about the relevance of the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire (DDQ) items in Brazilian culture

From: The cross-cultural process of adapting observational tools for pediatric pain assessment: the case of the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire

DDQ questions/items Relevance of items(a)as judged by each of the five participants(b)
Does your child have toothache? (1), (1), (1), (1), (1)
If sometimes or often is the: Toothache during meals? (1), (1), (1), (1), (1)
If sometimes or often is the: Toothache during the day? (1), (1), (1), (1), (1)
If sometimes or often is the: Toothache during the night? (2), (1), (2), (2), (1)
Do you notice the toothache yourself? (2), (1), (1), (1), (1)
Does your child indicate the toothache to you? (1),(1), (1), (1), (1)
Biting things off with their back teeth instead of their front teeth? (2), (2), (2), (2), (2)
Putting sweets away just after starting eating? (1), (3), (1), (3), (1)
Starting to cry during meals? (2), (1), (1), (1), (1)
Having problems with brushing upper teeth? (1), (1), (2), (2), (1)
Having problems with brushing lower teeth? (1), (1), (2), (2), (1)
Having problems chewing? (1), (1), (1), (1), (2)
Chewing at one side? (1), (1), (1), (2), (1)
Suddenly grabbing his/her cheek during eating? (1), (1), (1), (1), (1)
Suddenly crying at night? (1), (1), (1), (1), (1)
  1. (a)The participants were asked to determine the relevance of each question/item as follows: (1) relevant, (2) relevant, but needing minor modifications, (3) little relevance, or (4) not relevant.
  2. (b)Purposive sampling strategy: 5 pediatric dentists from public service and private practice, and who had varying experience caring for children (1, 6, 9, 20 and 22 years of pediatric dentistry).