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Table 2 Items from the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire (DDQ) in the original version and the preliminary Brazilian version

From: The cross-cultural process of adapting observational tools for pediatric pain assessment: the case of the Dental Discomfort Questionnaire

Toothache items from the original DDQ (Part 1) Toothache items after modifications (Part 1)
1. Does your child have toothache? 1. Does the child have toothache?
If sometimes or often is the:  
  a. Toothache during meals   1a. How often does the child have toothache during meals?
  b. Toothache during day   1b. How often does the child have toothache during the day?
  c. Toothache during the night   1c. How often does the child have toothache during the night?
2a. Do you notice the toothache yourself? 2a. Are you aware when the child has a toothache?
2b. Does your child indicate the toothache to you? 2b. Does the child show you when he/she has a toothache?
Oral habit items from the original DDQ (Part 2) Oral habit items modifications (Part 2)
Is your child: (The expression “Is your child” was excluded)
1. Biting things off with their back teeth instead of their front teeth? 1. Does the child bite with the back teeth rather than the front teeth?
2. Putting sweets away just after starting eating? 2. Does the child get rid of (spit out) sweets immediately after starting to eat them?
3. Starting to cry during meals? 3. Does the child begin to cry during meals?
4. a. Having problems with brushing upper teeth? 4. a. Does the child have difficulty brushing the upper teeth?
  b. Having problems with brushing lower teeth?   b. Does the child have difficulty brushing the lower teeth?
5. a. Complaining about earache during eating? 5. a. Does the child complain of earache during meals?
  b. Complaining about earache during the day?   b. Does the child complain of earache during the day?
  c. Complaining about earache at night?   c. Does the child complain of earache while sleeping?
6. Having problems chewing? 6. Does the child have difficulty chewing?
7. Chewing at one side? 7. Does the child chew on one side only?
8. Suddenly grabbing his/her cheek during eating? 8. Does the child suddenly squeeze his/her cheek when eating?
9. Suddenly crying at night? 9. Does the child suddenly begin crying at night while sleeping?