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Table 1 Relative proportions of dwarf and wild type adult male Asian elephants in Sri Lanka

From: Morphometrics and behavior of a wild Asian elephant exhibiting disproportionate dwarfism

  Anterior view Lateral view
ID 1. Width between eyes 2. Head to foot 3. Eye to lip 4. Eye to top of skull 5. Head 6. Foreleg 7. Shoulder height 8. Body length
M459 1 3.33 2 3 4.7 4.3 9 9.8
21-yr tusker 1 4.23 - - - - 12 13
M072 1 4.33 2 2.5 4.3 6 11 11
M025 1 4.5 2 3 5 5.5 11 11
M180 1 4.5 2 3 5 6 11 11
M074 1 4.16 2 3 4.7 5.5 11.5 12
M098 1 4.33 2 3 5 6 11.5 11.5
M002 1 4.4 2 3 5 6.2 11.5 11.5
M029 1 4.5 2 3 4.6 5.5 11.5 11.5
M175 - - 2 2.7 5 6.5 11.5 11.5
M054 1 3.93 2 3.3 5.2 6.2 12 12
M034 1 4.27 2 3 5 6.5 12 -
M023 1 4.57 2 3 5 5.5 12 12
M077 1 5 2 3 5 5.5 12 12
M343 - - 2 3 5 6.5 12 12
M038 1 4.47 2 3.3 5.5 6 12.5 12.5
M012 1 4.67 2 3.3 5.5 6.5 12.5 12.5
M036 1 4.93 2 3.3 5.2 6.5 12.5 11.5
M030 1 5.17 2 2.8 4.8 6 12.5 11.5
M085 1 4 2 3.5 5.4 6 12.8 13
M260 1 3.67 2 3 4.5 6 13 13
M109 1 4 2 3.5 5.5 6 13 13.5
  1. M343, M054, M002 and M034 are typical males; M459 is the subject exhibiting dwarfism; the 21-yr tusker refers to the individual shown in Figure 1b, putatively also a dwarf (see text). See Figure 2 for corresponding photographs. Relative proportions are standardized across individuals with respect to the smallest measurements in each view: the width between the eyes (anterior) and the distance from the eye to the upper lip (lateral).