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Table 1 Overall faeco-prevalence estimates of Campylobacter and C. jejuni in duck, starling, goose, dog and cat faecal material

From: Faeco-prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in urban wild birds and pets in New Zealand

Species n Campylobacter positive C. jejuni positive
(%; 95% CI) (%; 95% CI)
Overall - urban wild birds 1,768 33 (19-51) 19 (17-21)
Ducks 906 (n = 12 per site)* 29 (26-32) 20 (18-23)
Starlings 835 (n = 12 per site)* 41 (38-45) 18 (16-21)
Geese 23 (n = 5 per month)§ 9 (11-29) 9 (11-29)
Pied stilt 2ϒ 50 (1-98) 0 (0-91)
Swan 2ϒ 50 (1-98) 0 (0-91)
Overall - pets 580 17 (14-20) 7 (5-9)
Dogs 498 (n = 3 per site)¥ 13 (10-16) 5 (4-8)
Cats 82 9 (4-17) 7 (3-15)
  1. n: Number of samples.
  2. CI: Confidence interval.
  3. n: Number of samples.
  4. CI: Confidence interval.
  5. *: Ducks: For sampling rounds April 2008 to July 2008, a complete set of 12 samples could not be collected from all sites and for August 2008 sampling round: it was not possible to collect 12 samples from the Hokowhitu sampling site.
  6. §: Geese: August 2008 sampling round: only two samples could be collected from the Hokowhitu sampling site.
  7. ϒ: During sampling rounds April 2008 and May 2008 two swans and two pied stilts were sighted at the Massey University sampling site and samples were collected from them.
  8. ¥: Dogs: January 2009 sampling round: No samples could be collected from the Milverton Park site and only one sample could be collected from Coronation Park for the June 2009 sampling round. A total of 25 samples were collected from small animal clinic, Massey University.