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Table 1 Demographics and risk factors for bat exposure among households near a bat roost in Guatemala

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala

Variables El Naranjo El Jobo Total
N = 124 N = 146 N = 270
n (%)* n (%) n (%)
Household characteristics
 Household size (mean, range) 6.5 (1 – 18) 5.0 (1 – 15) 5.7 (1–18)
 Age of household respondent (mean, range) 40.7 (18–80) 40.5 (18–83) 40.5 (18–83)
 Female household respondent 87 (70) 110(75) 197 (73)
 Household respondent completed primary school 11 (9) 13 (9) 24 (9)
Household level risk factors for bat exposure
 Windows/doors prevent bat entry 41 (33) 48 (32) 89 (33)
 Pets or livestock 98 (79) 127(87) 225 (83)
 Pets or livestock bitten by bats 15 (12) 33 (23) 48 (22)
 ≥1 livestock/pet vaccinated against rabies 59 (48) 95 (65) 154 (57)
 Mosquito net used to prevent bat entry 6 (5) 24 (16) 30 (11)
 Measures taken to avoid animals being bitten by bats 43 (35) 50 (34) 93 (34)
 Any bat exposure in a household member§ 45 (36) 32 (22) 77 (28)
  1. §Bat exposure defined as a bite, scratch or contact with unprotected skin.
  2. *Percentages are proportions of non-missing data.