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Table 3 Risk factors for exposure to bats among households near a bat refuge in Guatemala

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala

Variables Exposed to bats (N = 77) Non-exposed to bats (N = 193) Total (N = 270) P-value Odds ratio (95% CI)
n (%) n (%) n (%)
More than 5 people living in household 35(45) 91(47) 126(47) 0.89 0.93(0.53-1.64)
Lived in the house less than a year 3(4) 13(7) 16(6) 0.56 0.56(0.09-2.13)
Windows/doors prevent bat entry 53(69) 128(66) 181(67) 0.77 1.12(0.61-2.07)
Pets or livestock 69(90) 155(80) 224 (83) 0.07 2.10(0.90-5.51)
Pets or livestock bitten by bats 18(23) 30(16) 48(18) 0.16 1.65(0.80-3.33)
≥1 pet/livestock vaccinated against rabies 49(64) 105(54) 154(57) 0.18 1.46(0;82–2.63)
Mosquito net used to prevent bat entry 12(16) 18(9) 30(11) 0.19 1.79(0.74-4.18)
Measures taken to avoid animals being bitten by bats 28(36) 65(34) 93(34) 0.67 1.12(0.62-2.01)