Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean scores (95%CI) for each of the ten questions; significant results are in boldface

From: Knowledge change regarding osteoporosis prevention: translating recommended guidelines into user-friendly messages within a community forum

  Mean score (95%CI)
Question Theme Pre-test Post-test Change
Diet low in calcium is a risk factor 0.91 (0.83, 1.00) 0.94 (0.86, 1.01) +0.02 (−0.09, 0.14)
3–5 serves per day of calcium-rich foods are recommended 0.94 (0.86, 1.01) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) +0.06 (−0.09, 0.14)
Sunlight is the main source of vitamin D 0.60 (0.45, 0.74)* 0.77 (0.64, 0.89) +0.17 (0.02, 0.32)
Body needs vitamin D to help absorb calcium 0.79 (0.67, 0.91) 0.98 (0.64, 0.89)* +0.19 (0.06, 0.32)
Excessive alcohol is a risk factor 0.79 (0.67, 0.91) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) +0.21 (0.09, 0.33)
Swimming and cycling do not build bone strength 0.06 (−0.01, 0.14) 0.77 (0.64, 0.89) +0.70 (0.57, 0.84)
Osteoporosis is asymptomatic 0.47 (0.32, 0.62) 0.83 (0.72, 0.94) +0.36 (0.22, 0.50)
Long periods of sitting are a risk factor 0.92 (0.83, 1.00) 0.92 (0.83, 1.00) +0.00 (−0.12, 0.12)
Smoking is a risk factor 0.79 (0.67, 0.91) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) +0.21 (0.09, 0.33)
Osteoporosis affects men 0.89 (0.80, 0.99) 0.96 (0.90, 1.02) +0.06 (−0.01, 0.14)
Change in total score (all items combined)    2.08 (1.57, 2.42)
  1. *Missing data: n = 1 for each question at the time point indicated.
\