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Table 2 Results for ‘locomotion’-study

From: The significance fallacy in inferential statistics

  Actual a ‘Significant’ (n = 65) ‘Non-significant’ (n = 68) (z-value) p-value Effect size
N 38 60 50 (z =-0.90) p = .37 r = -.08
M group1 712 150 150   
M group2 676 120 118   
Mdiff 36 50 10 (z =-2.48) p = .013 r = -.21
SD group1 83 10 5   
SD group2 95 8 5   
Cohen’s d 0.79 0.70 0.20 (z =-4.16) p < .001 r = -.36
  1. Note: a The actual study reported a significant effect.