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Table 3 SILNE 2013 survey: topic, concepts, and instruments

From: Smoking in school-aged adolescents: design of a social network survey in six European countries

Topic Concepts Instrument question number
Adolescent questionnaire
Social ties Cooperative relationships  
 Classmates whom respondent prefers to work with or ask for advice, for example on homework or on an assignment [49,50] B
Friendship relationships  
 Your best friends in two grades [50] C
Demographics Immigration status [51,52]  
 Birth country Q3
 Birth country of parents Q34, Q35
 Years living in host country Q4
 Language spoken at home Q43
Lifestyle and health Self-reported health [53] Q5
Long-term illness [53] Q6
  Physical activity [54] Q7
  Consumption of alcohol [54] Q9
Use of cannabis [54] Q12
Smoking Smoking status [54]  
 Ever tried smoking Q13, Q15, Q16
 Regular smoking  
 Daily smoker  
Smoking dependence index  
 Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire [55] Q19, Q20, Q21, Q22
Onset of smoking [54] Q14
Where and when adolescents smoke [56,57] Q23
Access to cigarettes [54] Q25
Injunctive social norms  
 Perception of parents’ and friends’ approval and disapproval of smoking/the intention to smoke [58-60] Q26, Q27, Q32, Q33
Smoking Peers’ smoking  
by peers and parents  Number of close friends who smoke [61] Q33
  Parents’ smoking  
  Members of the household who smoke [61] Q51
Smoking rules and perceptions   
Smoking rules at home [54] Q52
Enforcement of tobacco control policies at school [62] Q61
Perception of smoking behaviour at school: adolescents and teachers [63] Q58, Q59, Q60
Household Structure of the family  
 Members of primary adolescent’s household [52] Q42
Socio-economic status Parents’ occupational level [52] Q38, Q40
Parents’ educational level [52] Q36, Q37
Family Affluence Assessment scale [64] Q44, Q45, Q46, Q47
Subjective socio-economic status of household  
 Adapted Mc Arthur Scale – SES ladder – Youth version [46] Q49
Adolescent’s weekly disposable income [54] Q50
School context Academic performance [54] Q54
School Engagement Assessment [65] Q55
School Burnout Inventory [66] Q56
School connectedness/school climate [54] Q57
Perception of risk of behaviour Perception that smoking cigarettes is harmful to your health [67] Q62
Health expectations [68] Q64
School questionnaire  
School size Number of students, teachers, and classes [54] SW1
Physical school environment Facilities in the school and in school neighbourhood [52] SW5, SQ1, SQ2
Neighbourhood characteristics of schools [52] SW6
Perception of social climate at school [52] SW7
School smoking policies Adoption of policy prohibiting cigarette smoking: when, where, and for whom [54] SQ5, SQ6, SQ7, SQ8,
Consequences for breaches of smoking rules by adolescents [69] SQ15
Information on smoking rules at school [69] SQ13, SQ16, SQ17, SQ18
Health promotion and prevention programmes Health promotion activities by schools [69] SQ19, SQ20, S21
Tobacco use prevention training for school staff [69] SQ25