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Table 3 Factors associated post-partum depressive symptoms among mothers

From: Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among post-partum mothers in Nepal

Characteristics EPDS score ≥10 (%) EPDS score ≤9 (%) Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95%CI)
Age of mother     P = 0.019   P = 0.020
<20 years 14 (31.1) 31 (68.9) 0.58 (0.22-1.17)   0.49 (0.21-1.16)  
20-29 years 67 (26.8) 183 (73.2) 0.41 (0.22-0.76)   0.40 (0.21-0.76)*  
≥30 years # 24 (47.1) 27 (52.9) 1.00   1.00  
Education status of mother     P = 0.140   P = 0.344
Literate 83 (28.7) 206 (71.3) 1.56 (0.86-2.81)   0.58 (0.19-1.77)  
Illiterate# 22 (38.6) 35 (61.4) 1.00   1.00  
Husband’s educational status     P = 0.036   P = 0.076
Literate 90 (28.6) 224 (71.4) 2.196 (1.05-4.58)   2.01 (0.93-4.38)  
Illiterate# 15 (46.8) 17 (53.1) 1.00   1.00  
Reason for reported stress     P = 0.002   P = 0.186
Husbands behavior 12 (66.7) 6 (33.3) 5.05 (1.84-13.86)   2.50 (0.64-9.71)  
Economic condition# 93(28.4) 235 (71.6) 1.00   1.00  
Socio-economic status     P = 0.111   P = 0.529
Lower class (KS ≤10) 25 (41.7) 35 (58.3) 1.97 (0.92-4.20)   1.57 (0.65-3.79)  
Middle class (KS 11–25) 63 (28.4) 159 (71.0) 1.09 (0.58-2.05)   1.07 (0.55-2.08)  
Upper class (KS 26–29)# 17 (26.6) 47 (73.4) 1.00   1.00  
Pregnancy-induced health problems     P = 0.064   P = 0.050
Yes 14 (45.2) 17 (54.8) 2.02 (0.96-4.28)   2.16(1.001-4.66)*  
No# 91 (28.9) 224 (71.9) 1.00   1.00  
Subjective feelings of stress     P < 0.001   P < 0.001
Yes 20 (58.8) 14 (41.2) 3.81 (1.84-7.89)   3.86 (1.84-8.09)*  
No# 85 (27.2) 227(72.8) 1.00   1.00  
  1. #Reference category, *statistically significant at p < 0.05.