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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Children with Cerebral Palsy (n = 135)

From: Cerebral palsy in children in Kampala, Uganda: clinical subtypes, motor function and co-morbidities

  n (%) or median (IQR)
Characteristic  
Sex M/F 72/63
Age at presentation(years) 3.5 (3.2)
Birth weight (Kg) n = 113 3.2 (0.94;0.8-6.0)
Birth in Hospital 101 (74.8%)
Residence (Urban/Rural) 95/40
Parental factors  
Age of father at child’s birth (years) n = 121 30 (7.9;18-68)
Age of mother at child’s birth(years) n = 130 24 (5.4;14-45)
Mother attended antenatal care 122 (90.4%)
History of infection/fever during 1st trimester 58 (43.0%)
Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy 35 (25.9%)
Perinatal factors a  
Vaginal delivery 103 (76.3%)
Preterm birth (<37wks GA) 18 (13.3%)
Prenatal complications 37 (27.2%)
Neonatal complications 28 (20.6%)
Post neonatal complications 25 (18.4%)
Clinical Presentation  
Dysmorphic features 43 (31.9%)
Microcephalyb 32 (33.7%)
Congenital Anomaly 4 (3.0%)
Hydrocephalous 4 (3.0%)
Positive HIV Serologyc 2 (1.7%)
Type of Cerebral Palsy  
Bilateral Spastic 62 (45.9%)
Unilateral Spastic 32 (23.7%)
Dyskinetic 17 (12.6%)
Ataxia 13 (9.6%)
Unclassifiable 11(8.1%)
Co-morbidity  
Signs of Epilepsy 61(45.2%)
Signs of Speech and Language disorders 50 (37.0%)
Signs of Visual Impairments 40 (29.6%)
Signs of Hearing Impairments 21 (15.6%)
Signs of Behavioral disorders  
▪Signs of Anxiety/Depression 26 (19.3%)
▪Signs of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity 46 (34.1%)
Signs of Learning disability 102 (75.6%)
Signs of Autistic Spectrum Disorders 32 (23.7%)
  1. M-Male; F-Female; GA-Gestational age.
  2. a Prenatal factors: Prenatal period: From pregnancy until birth.; Neonatal period: From birth up to day 28.
  3. Post neonatal period: From day 29 up to 2 years.
  4. b Microcephaly- done in 95 children < 5 years of age. c Positive HIV Serology - only 114 caregivers consented to this test.